Vanke Lainet Aluminum Template Construction Plan revealed! 4 days a day, you will learn it as soon as you learn

1. Preparation basis

1. Engineering drawing and aluminum alloy template project bidding documents for the first phase of a certain project of Vanke and subsequent construction projects.


2. The current architectural structure and various regulations, specifications and evaluation standards for construction construction.

3. Other current engineering technology, quality assessment standards, construction and acceptance standards and specifications related to this project.

4. Company corporate standards “Aluminum Template Installation Technology Manual”, “Aluminum Model Model Design Standards”, etc.

2. Engineering overview

project name:

Vanke Emerald Ji Xi project Phase 1 8002#/8003#building aluminum alloy template project

Construction unit:

Wuhan Anke Lianchuang Real Estate Co., Ltd.


Design unit:

Chengdu Standard Corridor Architectural Design Co., Ltd.

Construction location:

Chaokou District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province

Project Overview:

This project belongs to a type of high -rise residential buildings. The reinforced concrete shear wall structure. The design of a reasonable service life is 50 years. 7 degrees.


The first floor of the ground, 28 floors above the ground, 34 floors above the two units, the total building height is 81.200m, 98.600m (including large roof layers), the standard layer height is 2.9m, the building area is about 918 is about 918 ㎡, the template area is about 4000 square meters,

The range of aluminum template construction elevation range is 5.750 ~ 78.250m, and the second unit is 5.750 ~ 95.650m.



The ground floor, thirty -two floors above the ground, 99.700m in the building high (including large roof layers), the standard layer height is 3.1m, the building area is about 283 square meters, and the template area is about 1200 square meters.

The range of aluminum template construction is 3.550 ~ 96.550m.

3. Construction deployment


Aluminum alloy templates have better mechanical properties, easy construction installation, no construction waste, high turnover, recyclable value; light quality, manual handling and installation, no need for large heavy machinery and equipment assistance, can be used for overall pouring It can also be used for secondary pouring, widely used; good modeling effect, smooth and flat contact surface with concrete; acid resistance, corrosion resistance, and suitable for complex construction environment.

Construction section division and installation worker configuration plan

8002#/8003#Building a total of 3 units, according to the characteristics of aluminum mold construction and the characteristics of each building,

Each unit is equipped with 1 set of aluminum alloy templates, for three streaming construction sections, and 3 construction teams are equipped with 3 construction teams to participate in the sub -sectarian flow construction of this project.

The specific division is as follows:

For 2 units, the width of the deformation seam is 250mm. There is no change in shear walls and beams within the scope of the standard layer. There are a small number of 430 non -50 -modal beams, no complex nodes; there are 2 standard stairs (for double run stairs). , Step size 260×161.1mm.

For one unit, there are no changes in the shear walls and beams within the scope of the standard layer, and there are no complex nodes.

Aluminum mold construction plan

Strengthening management, first of all, with a scientific management system and management method is the main condition of a modern construction and installation team. It is a prerequisite and main guarantee for shortening the construction period of this project; secondly The progress is supervised, the analysis may affect the various factors that affect the progress of the project, and the problems can be proposed in time, and the timely resolution is solved in a timely manner, so that the project is always in a virtuous cycle.

In Party A designated the construction period of the subcontracting project, and combined with the total construction period management system of the general contractor, according to the project implementation plan, the specific requirements, Party A designated the subcontracting unit in detail, and the subcontracting unit was clear to Party A’s subcontracting unit. Organization and deployment of the construction period of the project, on the basis of ensuring quality and safety, actively cooperate with civil construction and carefully build to ensure that the project can be completed according to the progress plan. The following measures are specifically formulated:

(1) The schedule of the progress plan of this project


Ensure the construction progress plan of the main structure, the first three layers of the single aluminum mold will not be very tacit due to the cooperation between each process.

The installation period of the first layer of aluminum mold does not exceed 7 days/unit, the second layer does not exceed 4 days/unit, and the third layer does not exceed 2.5 days/unit. Change the layer and the cantilee layer for one day.

The total construction period of a single floor is 4 days/layer. The total construction period of the single building is expected to be about 130 days.

This time progress plan is ideal, and the concrete intensity reaches the early demolition system explanation strength standard to disassemble the mold (p. 32).

(2) Construction schedule

2.1 This project is strictly constructed in accordance with the National Project Law, establishes a standardized project system, implements the responsibility system for project manager, and establishes the engineering project manager department. The project department has the right to exercise, organization, command, coordination, supervision and other rights.

2.2 The requirements of the total contract, and the decomposition of the total contract into the corresponding labor contract, so that the labor contract is completely in the general contracting state of quality, construction period, safety, and civilized construction to ensure that the project is completed as scheduled.

2.3 Based on the total construction period; formulate the engineering period nodes of each branch, prepare projects for implementation plans, determine the entry time of each labor, strictly control its node construction period to ensure the balance of the project construction.

2.4 The labor team selected by our company is a long -term cooperation with our company. It has a small residence site, small liquidity, has a high construction technology, can bear hardships, high attendance, and has the conditions for hard battles.

2.5 The labor resources selected through many years of cooperation between the two parties, with a certain degree of feelings and trust. Once fixed, the personnel loss is relatively small, ensuring the stability of labor resources.

2.6 Control measures for the construction progress plan of the labor team: Each labor team must ensure the number of labor forces in this project, and the proportion of the number of technical workers meets the construction requirements. Measures, project production managers and relevant managers check their completion after the work class is completed, so as to track the progress every day, and the project department urges it to increase the number of people or overtime. It will be completed in accordance with the contract to ensure that the progress is planned to be completed on schedule.

2.7 Economic Guarantee measures: The project department will dedicate to the special funds, and implement the salary of each labor team in accordance with the contract in full monthly monthly, without arrears of the wages of workers.


2.8 Work coordination mechanism: Inquiry according to the general contracting weekly plan to check the work of the labor team every week and arrange the construction production plan next week.


2.9 According to the analysis of meteorological conditions, the area is high temperature and long in summer, and there are many bad weather. Therefore, construction preparations and corresponding technical measures must be carried out in advance to avoid affecting the construction period due to climate factors.

(3) The 4 -day standard construction plan is as follows:


Material configuration plan

This project 11#/12#/13#/15#/16#Building five sets of furnishing templates. The main accessories of each set of templates are as follows:

Main device configuration plan


Process process

In order to ensure the construction progress of the project, the template project of this project follows the principle of installing the shear wall column before the beam surface, and the overall pouring is adopted. The specific process process is as follows:


Template installation and demolition process:

(1) Wall column template installation process


(2) Wall column template demolition process

(3) Beam board template installation process

(4) Lighbor template demolition process


4. Overview of aluminum alloy template system

Template, accessories introduction

Wall mold system

墙模系统结构主要包括主墙板(PB)、接高板、内墙板角铝(JL)、转角模板(QC)、导墙板(K板)、对拉螺杆、拉片、方通、 Fang buckle, small oblique support, K ​​board back and steel wire rope. The drawing system is used for modeling design only on the wall (except the staircase wall). The beams, boards, hanging molds, nodes, stairs, etc. are referenced by the screw system.

Connect with a nail between the templates, use 2mm thick pull -ups, use 7 pull -ups, 6 inner walls, the first road is 150mm from the floor, the second road is 350mm from the floor, the third is from the building. 750mm, the fourth road is 1150mm from the floor, 1550mm from the floor, 2150mm from the floor, 50mm in the seventh road, and the K board is reinforced with a 1m long special vertical prescription, two pieces of two pieces, two pieces One is set at the seam of the K board, and the other two are set. The position of the other screw system is reinforced with a 60 × 40 × Δ2.5 rectangular steel pipe, and the back is two types: straight back and right -angle back. 150 mm.

Aluminum profile (model T6061), steel back (Q235).



Model system

The beam mold system mainly includes the bottom of the beam bottom (CC), the bottom template (LB), the beam side template (PB), the beam -side corner (C), the early head of the beam bottom, and the independent steel support (single top).

Set up the bottom of the beam at the bottom of the beam, and install the independent steel support under the head of the beam at the bottom of the beam. The support spacing is not more than 1.2 meters.


When the height of the beam side mold ≤650, the beam side mold reinforcement is shown in the figure below:

When the height of the beam side mold is> 650 and ≤1050, the beam side mold reinforcement is shown in the figure below:

When the height of the beam side mold is> 1050, the beam side mold reinforcement is shown in the figure below:

When 1300

When L> 2450, the bottom of the beam is equipped with two or more beam bottoms, and the middle of the 1100 beam bottom template is equipped in the middle, and the length of the beam of the beams at both ends is evenly distributed, such as (Figure 2).

Floor system


The floor system mainly includes floor panels, floor keel, early disassembly head and independent steel support.

Equipping the early disassembly support system can improve the turnover efficiency of the template and use independent steel support. The support spacing ≤1300mm × 1300mm.

Fifth, aluminum mold sub -item organizational architecture

In order to use the work in an orderly manner, aluminum mold installation and establishment of the project department, the management staff of the project department should conscientiously implement the main responsibilities of the work, so that the management is in place, the division of labor is clear, and the goals are unified.

Organization chart of aluminum mold installation project department

List of main managers in this project


6. Construction preparation

Technical preparations

(1) Technology and production personnel are familiar with the drawings, carefully study the content, requirements and characteristics of the construction drawings, and make a record of doubts about the existence of the existence of the construction technology and drawings. Fang and supervisors jointly negotiated and resolved. After obtaining unanimous opinions. The drawing of the drawing will be recorded as the basis and the basis for the construction of the construction drawing. According to the requirements of the design drawings, the structure diagram, building diagram and node diagram and construction specifications are deepened by manufacturer’s professional and technical personnel to deepen the design of aluminum mold assembly.

(2) Organize construction staff to be familiar with drawings, conduct drawing reviews, and analyze the drawings based on design changes. According to the requirements of the design drawings, the structure diagram, building diagram and node diagram and construction specifications are deepened by manufacturer’s professional and technical personnel to deepen the design of aluminum mold assembly.

(3) After deepening the design of the manufacturer, carefully check the design to ensure that the blueprint is accurate with the design blueprint, and the aluminum mold production can be performed after reviewing and approval by the owner and the design institute.

(4) The production of aluminum mold production is completed in the factory for trial assembly. The owners, design institutes, and supervision are pre -accepted in the factory.

(5) The aluminum mold trial assembly and acceptance are systematically numbered, and the assembly diagram is drawn as a construction plan at the construction site.

(6) After the number is completed, the aluminum mold is removed and the packaging vehicle is transported to the construction site. Consume the quantity and review the size of the size of each template to meet the design requirements.

(7) Organize construction managers and some workers to train in the manufacturers, and be familiar with the operation requirements of aluminum template installation and disassembly, construction order, and process matching operations.

(8) Construction precautions for the quality standards, safety measures, and finished product protection of the project carry out safety and technical intercourse on workers.

Material preparation

The standard layer uses an aluminum alloy template, supports the use of adjustable independent steel support, and the deserter deducts uses an aluminum alloy template for dedicated molding agent.

Tool preparation

Operating condition

(1) Before the template is installed, it must be painted.

(2) The main control axis and elevation point of the floor are completed and reviewed.

(3) Walls and column reinforced bars are tied, and hydropower pipes and embedded parts have been installed and passed acceptance.

Seven, template installation


Installation principle

First install the wall pillar template, then install the beam board and the top board template, and finally make peripheral lines and template reinforcement

When installing the template initially, you can fix φ12 steel bars on the concrete surface until the inner side of the outer angle mold is used to ensure that the template installation is aligned. All templates are installed from the corner, so that the template can keep the side stability.

Before installing the template, it is necessary to ensure that all template contact surfaces and edges have been cleaned and painted. When the corner is stable and the inner angle mold is positioned according to the positioning line positioning, the entire wall mold is installed. In order to dismantle convenience, the head of the sale should be in the inner angle mold as much as possible when the wall model is connected to the inner angle mold.

Before closing the template, you need to pull the slice in advance on the wall mold connector. At the same time, you must ensure that the contact position of the template surface on both sides of the wall should be accurate. When the exterior wall is deviated, it must be adjusted to the correct position as soon as possible. This only needs to tilt the outer wall mold slightly in one plane. If there are two directions, the vertical deviation occurs, and the two layers should be adjusted to adjust one direction. Do not try to adjust the alignment of the template by unilateral promotion.

Installation of wall pillars

(1) The lower layer has been demolished and cleaned up.

(2) In the installation of the inner wall template, start with the corner (corner), extend to the two sides in the order of the template number to prevent the temporary fixed oblique support (with wood, steel pipes, etc.), and ensure that each time The template is painted with an appropriate amount.

(3) Rotate the C grooves for 45 ° vertically, stuck in one side pull, and then rotate the reverse rotation 45 ° and push it between the two rows of pull -ups; rotate the wall pillar template by 45 ° (the side of the template without the side of the template靠紧拉片),并将模板向无模板一侧轻撞击拉片并迅速将另一侧推入俩排拉片中间;用撬棍调整拉片与墙板孔位,并用销钉将五道、 The seven -way nails are locked; immediately adjust the remaining tensor and the wall pillar template position, and insert all into the nails (no sales films are installed for the time being, wait for the next template to press the above steps before being put on and tightly); Install the next wall pillar template installation in turn;





(4) The vertical templates are generally nailed every 300mm nails. Do not work too hard when inserting and selling. There is no gap at the template seam. Upper, and insert from top to bottom to avoid shocking when vibrating concrete.

Slice installation

5.1 Choose the corresponding size pulp and quantity according to the thickness of the wall column;

5.2 Visual inspection of the tension hole position is a steel bar block. If so, the steel hydropower pipes blocked by the pores are tapped with a hammer to make the pore pore position without obstacles;

5.3 Stand on the side of the wall of the wall pillar and insert all the pads into the corresponding holes in turn;

5.4 Standing on the wall pillar, the side of the wall is installed with a crowbar to adjust the pulling slice and the wall pillar template hole to make it a nail in the pair, install it and lock it.

Back installation

The back buckle is installed in the second and fourth pores from the bottom to the top, the inner wall is single -sided, two squares are arranged, and the two squares are arranged on both sides of the outer wall. The slot position, the maximum length of the Fangtong is L≤4500mm, and each end of the Fangtong is a square buckle, and the middle distance is ≤1200mm.

6.1 Insert the back buckle from left to right horizontally into the two wall plates to nail holes, and insert the sales film to lock;

6.2 Adjust all the backbone buckles of the entire wall to the maximum itinerary size (Figure 1);

6.3 Lift the back from the ground, put the horizontally on the back buckle, and stick it on the side of the back (Figure 2)


6.4 Tap the buckle with a hammer and lock it (Figure 3).

Oblique installation

7.1 Small oblique support on both sides of the wall pillar template, the distance between the oblique support is not greater than 1200mm, and three small oblique supports are arranged at the end of the wall;

7.2 Walls with width ≥1200mm are set up with no less than two small oblique supports, and a wall or shear wall with a width of <1200mm is set up at no less than one oblique support. , Fangzhu set up three oblique support (Figure 6);

7.3 Little Slip-supporting base Location line from the wall column is 400-450mm (Figure 2).


Steel wire rope wind hook installation

The inner steel wire rope is installed with 100%, the inner wall is not arranged, and the layout spacing ≤1200mm;

When the length of the exterior wall is ≥2m, the wire rope is set 2; when the length of the outer wall is <2m, the wire rope is set near the sealing position (Figure 1);

The embedded reinforcement is 2m outside the wall column.

Wall column template adjustment: line review → altitude adjustment → vertical adjustment

9.1 Observe whether the wall is re -coincided with the positioning line of the wall, and there is an error to adjust.


9.2 Put the laser level in the bracket and level it, and the laser level is aligned with a 1M high level control line to observe whether the laser line is overlapped with the wall control point. (figure 1)

9.3 The concrete surface is lower than the design elevation of 5mm or more. The gap of the lower end of the module with waste steel head is used until it meets the installation requirements.

9.4 Laser level instrument Place the 300mm control line, level it, and adjust the vertical line of the laser level instrument to coincide with the 300mm control line.

9.5 The distance between the wall surface and the laser level with a tape measure is measured. The same vertical surface point is not less than 3 (lower, middle, and above), and the distance between the same wall is 500mm. The following points are the standard review of the wall surface, and the trial -sloping slope adjustment hole is adjusted with a crowbar. (figure 2).


9.6 If the upper -end size is less than the lower end, it is adjusted with an oblique support. If the upper size is greater than the lower end, the wire rope and wind hook are pulled inside (Figure 3).

9.7 When the exterior wall template is adjusted vertically, the thread extends to the lower wall of no less than 1m, the vertical deviation of the upper and lower verticality ≤5mm, and the upper mouth should be deflected inward. During the inspection, the corner ≤ 200mm.

Installation of beam template

(1) First, the bottom template is pre -assembled on the floor, and the bottom template of the beam is connected to the whole.


(2) On the floor surface, the cleaning beam bottom plate (B), early cut (BP), and corner mold (LSA, beam and wall connection) are nailed in the correct position. In particular, the support of early disassembly must be supported on the same vertical center line as the bottom of the beam to ensure the safety of the concrete structure.


(3) When installing the bottom plate of the beam, two people must work together. One end holds the two ends of the bottom of the beam. Standing on the operating platform, the corner mold (LS) is connected to the wall plate with the specified position. If the bottom of the beam is too long, in addition to the two people installed the bottom of the beam, another person installs the bottom of the beam to avoid the template at the bottom of the beam to sink, so that the template will cut and deform and affect the safety of the operation early.

(4) After the support of the beam is flattened, the beam side template can be installed. All horizontal connecting templates must be inserted from top to bottom to avoid inserting and selling shocks when pouring concrete, causing explosive molds and affecting safety.

(5) Beam side mold installation

Place the beam side mold on the corresponding position of the beam bottom mold. To sell the nail holes, connect to the nails, and the beam side mold is installed in order in order; when the beam side mold is connected to the bottom mold, the nails must be sold at both ends of each side mold. The spacing spacing of the nails does not exceed 300mm, and the nails are facing up; the adjacent side mold must be sold up and down, and the big head is facing up.


(6) Outside beam side mold installation

The outer beams with height ≥600 should be installed with the outer template after the beam steel plate is tied. The outer modulus is reinforced by the pull screw, and the screw spacing is ≤800mm.


Installation of the top board template

(1) After installing the corner mold on the top of the wall beam, install the floor cage, and then install the top board according to the trial assembly number diagram, and assemble the standard plate mold in order until the aluminum mold is all assembled. The support rod under the ground keel should be vertical, without loosening.

(2) After the top plate of each room is installed, the support rod must be adjusted to the appropriate position to make the board flat (the top plate with a span of 4m or more, the template should be arched according to the design requirements. It is a span 1/1000 ~ 3/1000 (the aluminum alloy template is generally removed by 1/1000).

Peripheral wall board (K board) and balcony line installation

Where there are continuous vertical templates, such as elevator shafts, outer walls, etc., the floor is enclosed in a closed week with a guide wall board and connected as the upper layer of vertical template.

After the first layer of pouring concrete, the second -layer guide wall board must be installed. One is used to fix the unpacking of the previous layer, and the other is surrounded by the floor of the floor with the upper part of the wall mold. After the concrete is poured, the upper part of the wall is retained as the starting point of the lower wall mold. Connect to the wall tablet with wall templates: Before installing the guide wall board, make sure that the cleaning and oil painting work has been carried out. During the pouring period, in order to prevent sales from falling off, the sale must be inserted down from the frame of the wall mold to the upper frame of the guide wall board. 26mm x 16.5mm long holes on the guide wall board. Before pouring, install the M16’s low -carbon bolts at the bottom of the groove. These bolts are anchored in the solidified concrete. After pouring, if you need to adjust the bolt to adjust the horizontal degree of the guide wall board, this can also control the verticality of the template.



(1) Stairs template design

The stairs templates include step molds, bottom molds, base keels, wall molds, dog dental molds, side seals and other components.

(2) Estating template installation

2.1 First install the template on the shear wall of the staircase beam, install the pull screw, and adjust the wall plate on the side of the beam of the staircase.

2.2 Install the C -groove and oblique bottom cage connected to the wall plate, and solid the top. Among them, the diagonal cage and the solid top are supported by a single trial to adjust to the design location.

2.3 Install the diagonal bottom plate template.


2.4 Install the dog’s teeth.

2.5 Installation step cover.

2.6 Adjusting stairs template to design position

2.7 Install the stairs back.

Hanging mold, anti -(beam) hurdle template

Hanging molds and anti -beams (Kan) templates are installed after the steel bars are tied.

Hydropower pipeline reserved embedded

(1) Before the aluminum template is installed, the wall column pipeline is embedded. The inside of the switch box is filled with sawdust and sealed with a tape. After the pipeline switch box is embedded, the wall -pillar aluminum template is installed.

(2) After all the aluminum templates are installed, the beams and plate pipelines are buried. The position of the beam reserved pipeline has been determined. Open the hole in a fixed position, and it cannot be moved; the reserved pipe of the board is fixed with the screw of the pipe with screws.

Inspection and acceptance

(1) Check whether the nails are full according to the standard, the nails are fixed, and the embedding depth is more than half;

(2) Visual inspection of the level of the bottom mold of the beam.

(3) Check whether the bottom mold of the beam is tightly tightly connected to the solid box, reliable;

Observe from the two vertical directions of each other, the single -top -top school is vertical, and the single top is in place;

(4) Checking of flatness, verticality, top plate elevation, cross -sectional size inspection.

Use the laser level to align the 1M alignment high control line, and then observe whether the laser is overlapped with the control point on the wall column. Use the laser level to control the 300mm control line of the wall to overlap the laser wiring with it, and use the tape measure to reopen the vertical and flatness. The verticality of the outer wall is reviewed with a cone and tape measure.

8. Model protection work during pouring

During the concrete pouring period, at least two operators must be on both sides of the wall to check the sales slices and the connection to the pull screws.

Precautions during pouring:

(1) Due to vibration, nails are sold off.

(2) Due to vibration, the beam/flat mold supports the decline in adjacent areas.

(3) To ensure that all the support of special areas is intact, especially wall molds, column molds, beam molds and their support cannot be shifted. Whether the concrete is overflowing at the opening of the window.

(4) Re -coincide the laser -level laser wiring with the 300mm wall column control line, and measure the distance between the wall plate and the laser wiring with a tape measure to check whether the verticality meets the design requirements. Beyond the design value adjustment replenishware, so that the verticality is up to standard.


Nine, template demolition

The demolition period of the template should follow the arrangement of the construction technicians and team leaders. The concrete structure should be dismantled after reaching a certain strength. The demolition of the aluminum alloy template is roughly wall -beam -plate. First, the non -load -bearing parts are disassembled, and then the weight of the weight is not affected. The demolition process is as follows:

Early -demolition system

(1) According to the “Technical Regulations for Mentor Early Delocation Construction” (DB11/694-2009), when the support pitch is 2M, when the concrete strength reaches 10MPa, it is safe and reliable to implement templates with a strong level of the floor. The support spacing of this project is 1300mm, and the plate concrete strength C30 is to meet its specification requirements. The disassembly of the support rod is determined according to the same condition for the same condition to determine the demolition time.

(2) Determination of mold demolition time

When starting and seasonal transformation, the sub -bid number is made in time to make the same conditions concrete test parts, and the number of each labeling concrete is not less than one group to 2 groups (the wall column increases by 1 group, and the beam board increases 2 groups), which are separated by the beam boards), which are separated by 2 groups), respectively. The time for demolition of templates and steel support for each part to test the strength of the concrete test parts to test the demolition time and adjust the time of demolition.

Disassembling of templates such as hanging molds, bay windows, air -conditioning boards

(1) The hanging mold (rectangular steel or wood) of the sinking parts such as the bathroom, kitchen, balcony, etc. should be cleaned immediately after removal, and bundled with iron wire according to the area to prepare the lower layer.

(2) After the suspension plate is removed and cleaned up, the surface is placed in the original position, and the surface of the board faces up.

(3) The surface of the floor is cleaned, and excess debris (wood, short steel pipes, etc.) is stacked in places (balcony) that does not affect the operation.

(4) The cover plates, inner templates, and corners of the bay windows, air conditioning boards and other parts should be demolished early and cleaned them in the original position.

Wallboard demolition

(1) Use a hammer and a crowbar to remove the nails from the seventh nail position in turn until the nails of the whole wall column are removed;

(2) Stand on the work stool surface, remove more than seventh nails with hammer and crowbar (including connecting to the floor C slot)


(3) Collect all nails and sell them with tool buckets, and stacked neatly near the port of the largest opening of each household;

(4) Generally, starting from the second piece connected to the side of the beam, starting from the third piece next to the seal when it cannot be dismantled;

(5) Use the hook demolition device to hold the middle part of the nail hole in the middle of the template.


(6) Remove the second and left wall boards according to the steps;


(7) The demolished wall plate is obliquely tilted on the wall in order in order, and the code is strictly prohibited within 600mm from the hole (Figure 2).

Beam board demolition


(1) After the wall board is uploaded, the beam template can be removed. When the bottom plate of the beam is dismantled, two people should work together. When they pry, the two hold the bottom plate of the beam and put them lightly on the ground. Do not let them fall freely and cause the template to be damaged.

(2) After removing the bottom of the beam, clean it down below the beam. LS (the yin -angle mold connected to the wall), and the small block templates such as the beam bottom, such as removal or loosening, should be connected firmly in time.

(3) When disassembling the beam side mold or wall headboard, the operation platform (iron stool) cannot be placed directly below the template. It should be deviated from 200mm-300mm. When leverage the template, grab the middle of the template in one hand, so that it will not fall. Damage, remove and clean up the front of the original position to avoid mixing.


(1) Before the top plate is demolished, the back, the pull bolt, the beam board, etc. are uploaded, and the ground debris is cleaned and stacked by the wall, which does not affect the movement of the operation platform (iron stool). First remove the room with a large area.

(2) Disassembling the top board should start from the middle of the first row. First remove the keel component (MB) connected to this template, remove the remaining three parties, use a crowbar to pry and remove, and then extend it to both sides. Do not let it be damaged freely.

(3) Demonstration of large -scale templates is strictly prohibited when disassembling the top board. Which board should be disassembled to loosen which plate is loosened, and the large -scale templates are not allowed to be pryed, which is neither safe and damaged.

(4) The first piece of yin angle mold (SL) is difficult to dismantle. First, use a hammer to lightly vibrate to break away from the surface of the concrete, and then insert it into the SL hole with a special long crowbar. The difficulty of removal of the template, as long as it ensures that the surface is cleaned during installation, apply the module evenly to control the demolition time, and it is relatively smooth when disassembling the mold.

(5) The support of the top board and beams is strictly forbidden to loosen and remove. In the template engineering construction plan, three sets of support systems are generally configured, and the support for installation must be dismantled at the lower floor.

10. Quality standards and quality assurance measures

The quality requirements for the installation of shear wall templates


(1) Template axis positioning, shape size, and horizontal elevation should be accurate.

(2) The surface of the plate should be smooth and clean, the seams should be tightly sew, and the slurry should be not leaked.

(3) After the template is installed, it should have sufficient carrying capacity, stiffness, and stability. It can withstand the self -weight and side pressure of newly poured concrete and the load generated during the construction process.



(4) Template installation deviation shall be controlled within the scope of the specification permit.

(5) The yin and yang horns should be straight, neat and neat, no error, no tilt, no convex lines.

Wall column body template installation quality requirements

(1) Template axis positioning, appearance size, and horizontal elevation should be accurate.

(2) The surface of the plate should be smooth and clean, the seams should be tightly sew, and the slurry should be not leaked.


(3) After the template is installed, it should have sufficient carrying capacity, stiffness, and stability. It can withstand the self -weight and side pressure of newly poured concrete and the load generated during the construction process.

High -level template installation quality requirements

(1) The position of the second beam axis, the section size and the level of the level should be accurate.


(5) The bottom of the beam support system is provided with a adjustable base, and the adjustable support head is set on the top to adjust the elevation and level of the template.

Quality Standard

(1) The allowable deviation of template production is as shown in the following table:


(2) Template installation quality requirements

(3) The quality requirements of concrete construction after demolition

Template quality assurance measure

(1) Ensure that the template has sufficient stiffness, carrying capacity and stability. The various template series we choose are a mature template engineering series, which can ensure that the quality of the construction finished product meets the current reinforced concrete quality standards. For non -series template projects used in individual parts, the technical personnel are designed and calculated before they can be used.

(2) Strictly control the quality of the template processing, and require the quality of the template to make the quality of the template compared with the current national specifications, and send a special person to check the template products.

(3) The assembly and installation process should be selected with qualified aluminum alloy templates and qualified accessories to ensure the safety of the template and the reliability of assembly.

(4) After completing the assembly and installation templates, first of all, the workers must conduct self -inspection. After the self -inspection is qualified, the next process can be performed after the corresponding quality inspector inspection and recognition.

(5) The template demolition time must meet the concrete strength of the standard requirements.

(6) Precautions for template use:

6.1 Templates should be managed by number management, which should be sorted and stacked for easy use.

6.2 When installing and removing the template, it should be gently played, not allowed to collide, and must not hit the template vigorously to avoid the template deformation.

6.3 The removal of the template should be cleaned in time. If it is found to be warp, deformation, and repairs in time, the damaged plate surface should be repaired in time.

6.4 The template for the pre -group must have a venue for storage, and the venue should be flat and solid. When the template is flattened, there must be a wooden rack. When the standing is set, the classification template frame should be set up. The template is located in the wooden cushion to ensure that the template is not distorted and does not deform. Do not pile up or stack dispersed templates and accessories on the templates that are fighting.


6.5 Walls and column templates that have been installed on the working surface are not allowed to collide when they are lifted other templates. They should not be temporarily relied before the pre -assembled template to prevent the template from deformation or vertical deviation. The plane templates that have been installed on the working surface cannot be used for temporary stacking and operating platforms to ensure the stability of the bracket and prevent the plane template elevation and peace.

Common quality problems and prevention measures

(1) Axis displacement


1.1 Phenomenon: When the concrete is poured, it is found that the actual position of the column and the wall is shifted with the position of the building.

1.2 Analysis of the cause: The sample part is serious or the technical is unclear, and the composition fails to be in place when the template is assembled; the axis is incorrect; Do not correct it in time, causing cumulative errors; uniformly symmetrical feeding during concrete pouring, or excessive pouring height, causing a large squeezing template for side pressure.


1.3 Prevention and control measures: After the template axis is measured, organize a special person to conduct technical review and acceptance, and to support the mold after confirming it; And set up vertical vertical control lines to ensure that the level of templates and vertical positions are accurate; before concrete pouring, the template axis, brackets, top supports, and bolts should be carefully checked and reviewed in time. The height should be strictly controlled within the allowable range of the construction regulations.

(2) Equality error

2.1 Phenomenon: There are errors between the concrete structure layer elevation and embedded parts, the reserved pore standard high, and the design of the construction map.

2.2 Reasons analysis: The floor -free high control point or the control point is small, the control network cannot be closed, and the root of the vertical template is not found; the high -rise building control line is too large, and the accumulation errors are too large; The fixed solid is not paid attention to the construction method during construction; the top of the template has no standard high marker, or the construction is not based on the mark.

2.3 Prevention and control measures: The elevation of the building floor is controlled by the first floor ± 0.00 element. It is strictly forbidden to quote from layer by layer to prevent the accumulated error. When the building height exceeds 30 meters, the elevation control line should be set up. It is less than 2 for review; each floor is set up with sufficient elevation control points, and the roots of the vertical template must be found; the top of the template is set to be a standard high marker; Accurately fixed in the design location, when pouring concrete, it should be evenly poured along the surrounding layers. It is strictly forbidden to run out and vibration embedded parts templates.

(3) The seams are not strict

3.1 Phenomenon: Because there is no strict gap between the seams between the templates, there is a leaky slurry during concrete pouring, and a honeycomb and hemp surface appear on the surface of the concrete.

3.2 Reasons analysis: Do not take the sample or make mistakes. The template is not repaired in time due to the lack of corners of the corner; the template contact measure is improper;

3.3 Prevention and control measures: The embedded measures between the templates must be controlled, and the leaks must not be used to use oil felt, plastic cloth, and cement bags.

(4) Looping and rotten roots of the walls and columns

4.1 Phenomenon: In the main structure of the main structure, the corner of the wall is leaked.

4.2 Reasons analysis: The template is not cleaned up, and the surface is accompanied by cement slurry, which makes the gap at the corner of the yang; the concrete ash ratio is too large;

4.3 Prevention and control measures: The surface of the cement slurry should be cleaned up, the slump of the concrete should be strictly controlled (about 120mm), training the vibrations should be trained, and the technical personnel must be technically confined to the technicians before pouring the concrete.

(5) Wall column yang corner leakage and rotten roots

5.1 Phenomenon: The roots of the wall and the roots of the wall.

5.2 Reasons analysis: There is a gap between the feet of the surface of the wall and the roots of the wall and the pillar. The roots of the wall of the wall pillar cause the leakage of the leakage slurry; the roots of the wall pillar mold are not cleaned up and the stagnant water is not cleaned, and the roots of the slag are not found. Highness, not low, cause rotten roots; if the level is not good, the water and gray ratio is too large or too small, resulting in rotten roots.

5.3 Prevention measures: During the template installation, cleaning the mouth of the roots, remove the garbage before pouring the concrete, eliminate the water accumulation, and then block the mouth washed up, and then pour the concrete. Time, wall column concrete pouring should be poured along the height; the collapse of the concrete should be controlled within 150mm.

Concrete finished product protection

(1) Due to the low concrete strength during the dismantling of the template, special attention should be paid to the process of the tower crane material transport and artificial materials.

(2) All walls, columns, large holes, and staircases. After the mold is demolished, take protection measures to prevent the collision of the concrete corner. clean;


(3) The rear -pouring belt and the hole entrance will be blocked in time after cleaning and processing to avoid rusting from the reinforcement due to blisters for concrete;

(4) The concrete top board must not be piled up within 24 hours of demolition to prevent the early intensity of the concrete plate from being destroyed, cracks appear on the surface of the plate, and stacking on the concrete plate on the concrete beams with a branch point.

11. Seasonal construction safety measures

Construction safety technical measures for rainy season


(1) Make a certain height, and there must be rainproof hoods in the distribution box, motor, and welding machine.

(2) There should be lightning protection measures at the construction site, and the template installation work should be within the protection range of lightning protection facilities. Thunderstorms should stop template operations.

(3) When the wind power is greater than level 6, the template installation should be stopped. The installed templates should be filled with nails, and the support is set up.


(4) Clear water in the template before pouring.

(5) The template off -mold agent should be re -brushed out.

Winter construction safety technical measures

(1) Clean up the ice and snow in time to avoid slipping.

(2) The technical personnel should master the strength of the concrete in time according to the test data of the same conditions as the structure of the structure. When the strength of the concrete meets the requirements of the specification, the installation team is notified to disassemble the mold.

(3) The dormitory and production range are prohibited from using bright fire, electric furnace, and solar lights.


(4) Special education for winter construction safety participants.


Summer construction safety technical measures

(1) In order to effectively prevent heat stroke, properly adjust the work and rest system for high temperature operations and rest, and set up lounges and rest glutums according to local conditions.

(2) Release heat -proof drugs and provide sufficient water and salt to avoid heat stroke in construction personnel.

(3) The fire extinguisher is set up in the operating area, living area, and warehouses and regular inspections.

(4) Strict fire prevention regulations during electrical welding, and it shall not be stored in the surroundings.

(4) Template installation deviation shall be controlled within the scope of the specification permit.

(4) Template installation deviation shall be controlled within the scope of the specification permit.



(2) The surface of the plate should be smooth and clean, the seams should be tightly sew, and the slurry should be not leaked.

(3) After the template is installed, it should have sufficient carrying capacity, stiffness, and stability. It can withstand the self -weight and side pressure of newly poured concrete and the load generated during the construction process.

The above is the introduction and description of SL8003 White Marble Quartz Stone, I hope it can be helpful to you.