Source: Global Times
[Global Times reporter Fan Lingzhi Liu Xin Chi Jingyi] The 4th International Symposium on “Anti -Terrorism, Decoration and Human Rights Guarantee”, co -sponsored by the China Human Rights Research Association and the news office of the Guangdong Provincial People’s Government, was held in Guangzhou on the 13th. Chinese and foreign scholars discussed the theme of the theme of the “Counter -Terrorism International Cooperation and Rights of the Truth of the” Truth “.
“Anti -terrorism and de -extremization are worldwide problems. Any country can settle outside and be independent.” Jiang Jianguo, deputy minister of the Central Propaganda Department, pointed out in the opening ceremony that some countries are based on ideological prejudice and short -term benefits to conduct selective counter -terrorism, which causes to make selective counter -terrorism, which causes to make selective counter -terrorism, which causes to make selective counter -terrorism, which causes to make selective counter -terrorism and cause it. The international community has not yet formed a strong combination of anti -terrorism and de -de -extremization. In response to the severe challenges of terrorism and extremism, Jiang Jianguo put forward three suggestions: strengthen anti -terrorism cooperation and abandon the “dual standards”; adhere to the combination of defense, strive to trace the roots; promote the spirit of the rule of law, and effectively protect human rights.
Jiang Jianguo, deputy minister of the Central Propaganda Department, delivered a speech at the opening ceremony of the fourth international seminar of “anti -terrorism, de -de -extremization and human rights guarantee”. (Photograph of Gao Tong)
At the seminar, many Chinese and foreign anti -terrorism and human rights experts and scholars put forward the same views, and the “Global Times” reporter excerpts the speeches of some scholars of the seminar.
Why do Western politicians who slander Chinese have never been able to successfully convince others in court?
(William Sabar, Professor of International Law, University of Midelsex, London):
I only discuss the issue of racial extinction here. Some Western countries label the racial extinction to Chinese behavior in various forms, but is the reality really as they say?
This involves legal and facts. From the facts, I personally do not understand the situation of Xinqing. I have never been there, I can only rely on reports issued by those who claim to have an ethnic extinction in Xinjiang. Therefore, I tried to review the source of information and determine whether they can really prove that racial extinction is happening, regardless of whether the facts of the allegations are true.
I focus on the three sources of information, that is, the report released by the Newlines Institute in early 2021, the latest US State Department’s human rights report, and the Essex Court of Essex Court (Essex Court of Essex Court Four members of Chambers) issued legal opinions issued by the “Xinjiang independence” organization.
The US State Department’s report is not constructive at all. It said in the introduction and content summary that racial extinction occurred in Xinjiang. However, there is no legal or factual basis for trying to explain this statement. This is very superficial. Its credibility is about the allegations of “Chinese creation of new crown viruses” by former US President Trump. This processing method can only be confirmed again. The United States uses the allegations of racial extinction to pursue economic and military goals.
As for the report of the British Essex Park Law Firm, the report of the report said that “there is no clear evidence that there is no clear evidence to indicate the intention of the body to destroy the Uighur people.” In view of the reports of the above law firm This statement is undoubtedly shocking to support “racial extinction” allegations. Since there is no clear evidence that who intends to destroy the Uyghur people, it is not established in law.
The report of the New Linds think tank explained the definition of racial extinction in international law, but it was quite misleading and was inconsistent with the provisions of the current international law. On the 35th and 36th pages of the report, the Convention on the Convention on Prevention and Punishment of Extinction Race was discussed. At 223 of the footnote, the report claimed that it was based on international jurisprudence. In addition, the evidence of the intention of racial extinction is based on the inference behind the so -called behavioral mode, these inferences must be able to exclude all other inferences. The report of the New Linds think tank cannot reflect this at all.
We now talk about the list of punishment behavior in Article 2 of the Convention on the Convention on the Convention on Extraction of the Extraordnance in 1948. None of the aforementioned three reports that can propose allegations that can constitute large -scale killing. Since there is no so -called large -scale killing, any inference of “the intention to destroy a group on the physical level” does not break.
The fourth racial extinction act that should be punished is to take measures to prevent the group from fertility, and people have made a lot of relevant interpretations. China’s response to this charges is that the Uyghur population has been growing. I have not found any reports that proposed the allegations of racial extinction are controversial. What critics have accused are also the fact that China generously recognizes: the growth rate of Uighurs is declining, but the population continues to increase.
70 years ago, African -American activists initiated a petition, claiming that the United States was implementing racial extinction. Raphael Lemkin, the father of “Prevention and Punishment of Extraordinary Race”, said this statement is ridiculous because the black population in the United States is growing. Eleanor Roosevelt also said the same. Some people want to use family planning measures as evidence of racial extinction, but even if this measure is described as tough, it cannot deny the undisputed fact that the Uyghur population continues to grow.
My conclusion is that many evidence that accusing China of the perpetational extinction of punishment is fragile or vague. In fact, it is not difficult to prove that the punishment behavior stipulated in Article 2 of Article 2 of the Convention on the Convention on the Crime of the Extraordinary Race. The difficulty is only to prove that this behavior is to destroy the group from the flesh. The report of the New Linds think tank was insufficient to discuss the law and completely avoided this request. The British lawyers of the Essex Park Barries acknowledged the existence of this premise and believed that it could not be satisfied. The US State Department completely ignored the problem.
Therefore, from the perspective of international law, according to international law, the reasons for China’s crimes against Uighurs are very fragile. These reasons may indeed convince those Western councilors or diplomats who seek to slander, but they can never successfully convince others in court.
The “human rights industry” consisting of non -governmental organizations funded by the company and lobby groups distorted the reality
(Former UN senior human rights expert Alfred De Zaas):
There are several types of terrorism. We should not forget that in addition to the terrorism implemented by non -governmental actors, there are also so -called national terrorism. Its forms include non -bonus -red soap drone attacks and the use of chemical weapons.
The two basic principles of the International Humanitarian Law are the rules and competent rules that distinguish between military and civil goals. NATO violates these two principles in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and other places.
People have reason to ask, in theory, in theoretically, the public can ask the leader to be responsible for these incidents. Why is this happening? The answer is simple -these countries have a “human rights industry” consisting of non -governmental organizations funded by company and lobbying groups, and this industry distorted reality. Some countries play with politics by nominated or eliminated some terrorist organizations. For example, in November 2020, the United States reminded the “East Iraq” organization from the terrorist organization.
In addition, commercial media provided false information, suppressed information on war and anti -human crimes committed by the United States, and enlarged the infringement committed by geopolitical opponents in the United States.
The current situation and prospect of China participating in financial counter -terrorism international cooperation
(Xiangli, deputy director of the Human Rights Research Center of Shandong University):
Fund is the lifeline of terrorism activities. The effective cooperation between the international community in the field of financial counter -terrorism can closely monitor the funding activities of the terrorist organization and cut off its source of funds. This is recognized as an effective anti -terrorism method.
The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is the most influential government international organization in the world in the world today and the most powerful promoter of financial counter -terrorism international cooperation. FATF is dedicated to study and formulate standards and suggestions for anti -money laundering, anti -terrorism financing and anti -proliferation financing, while improving the effective implementation of these three major fields and measures. To this end, FATF conducts self -assessment and mutual evaluation of whether the progress of member states meet the requirements.
After China joined FATF in 2007, FATF issued 5 evaluation reports to China. China has also formulated many regulations in the fields of counter -terrorism, finance, international cooperation, and international standards, and has added many conventions. For example, Article 4 of the Criminal Law Amendment (3) stipulates the crime of funding terrorist activities; in April of this year, the People’s Bank of China specially released the “Measures for the Supervision and Management of Anti -Money Laundering and Anti -Terrorist Financing financing of financial institutions”. In addition, Chinese law enforcement agencies are actively seeking formal and informal international cooperation and legal assistance in a large number of cases.
At present, the main problems are that the applications of China’s financial anti -terrorism international cooperation regulations are relatively limited. It has a long response to mutual legal assistance and extradition requests. In terms of surveys of terrorist financing, the channels of international cooperation and legal assistance are rarely used. Less information from overseas. In addition, regulators lack special international cooperation on terrorist financing, and it is difficult to exchange information (and this often provides the opportunity for terrorist financing) to benefit ownership.
In the future, China should first increase the information exchange of money laundering and terrorist financing cases, and increase the active information transfer and cooperation requests to the corresponding institutions of foreign countries. Secondly, China should ensure that cooperation can be carried out in a faster and more efficient way, improve procedures in the assistance of mutual legal assistance, and reduce the time for cooperation requests and issue cooperation requests. Third, China should consider allocation of more resources to help China in time to make requests to China. Finally, China’s mutual legal assistance requests should be consistent with the regional distribution of terrorist financing risks, and at the same time ensure that it can provide information on benefit ownership in time.
Anti -terrorism demented international experience and inspiration to China
(Ni Chunle, Institute of Safety and Law, the University of Southwest University of Political Science and Law):
Extremeism and violence terrorism are inherently associated, and extremes mainly include religious extremities and individual extremes. The exfoliating should be incorporated into the track of unified governance at the legislative level.
In terms of international experience, the delays of various countries are mainly based on the “anti -ritual principle of the extreme path”; de -extremes mainly include preventive degradation control and constrained degradation correction.
Some countries outside the territory clearly define the extreme judgment standards in specialized legislation such as counter -terrorism law, thereby designing corresponding countermeasures. On the other hand, the extremes of extremeization into the legislative system of hate crimes are incorporated into the category of hate crimes and increased governance.
More countries have adopted a policy and measures of defense, recovery, and resettlement to carry out exaggeal work. Using measures such as psychological guidance and religious ideological dialogue, focusing on the design of personalized evaluation index systems.
In terms of discourse system, the discourse system of a balanced supply and rights supply should be created, the summary of effective experience and the output of mature practices should be expanded, and international cooperation and exchanges in the de -extremized field are established.
Fighting international terrorism and extremism: How do we cope with new challenges and threats?
(Gafalrov Olhan Elhanovic, a researcher at the Institute of Information Science Analysis Center of the Institute of Eastern Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences):
Terrorism and extremism threats are one of the problems facing the world, and members of the international community need to coordinate and take comprehensive actions. This is because the terrorist organization is rapidly evolving and adapting to this reality under the context of rapid changes in the world, international security and international relations advocation.
At the moment when information and communication technologies are widely disseminated, terrorism and extremism cleverly use the dilemma of local citizens and manipulate their consciousness to crack down on their expression forms. Propagandators of extremist organizations can attract disadvantaged groups around the world through the blog circle to stand on the same front as they are.
One of the typical examples is the propaganda activity of the terrorist organization “Islamic State”: it is trying to join the ranks from recruiting personnel from different regions in the world, even if they lose all the strongholds in Syria and Iraq, the threat of Salafi and terrorism also waved Don’t go. The “Islamic State” organization is now trying to turn Africa and the Asia -Pacific region. Many countries in Europe and CIS are facing armed elements. These people have returned to their own countries from the Middle East and have the battlefield battle experience.
On this issue, data sharing between security institutions is the key to counter -terrorism struggle. An example of a data sharing of counter -terrorism is that the Russian National Anti -Terrorism Commission has created an international counter -terrorism database that can also join it. In the future, it may form a unified anti -terrorism information space.
Unfortunately, not all proposal and projects proposed, and countries that advocate cracking down on terrorism, radicalism, and extremism can take into account the actual situation. These lack of consideration also show that some international actors are trying to impose their own views to other countries.
To deal with extremism and terrorism requires multiple forms of cooperation
(Moorgo Mohamadia Ulima Secretary -General Ahamad Abadi):
Technology and digital information are one of the most important issues in our era. We are talking about thousands of information transmitted daily in digital space, so we must respond to challenges in different dimensions with new wisdom. We also have to be alert to territorial threats, weapons threats, and various forms of attacks. In addition, there are money laundering activities around the world.
At the same time, some geopolitical alliances have been looking for opportunities and vulnerabilities to transfer economic resources to extremist groups that serve specific agenda. The issues of legislation, law, criminal science and human rights also need to be discussed. In these aspects, we need to strengthen consciousness and enhance experience.
Another problem that needs to be solved urgently is that the efforts of various countries are too scattered at present, so the results are very small. We need to build a common thinking and collaboration system and space between intelligence agencies that are responsible for improving digital information awareness and conducting digital information observation and tracking to achieve collaborative cooperation.
In summary, we need to consider a detailed system, including mature legislation, political institutions and perfect political propaganda.Under this system, we can deal with terrorism and extremism in all aspects.