Little friends, you thought about it,

Peng Jixiang’s “Introduction to Art of Art” explanation



Objective spirit

Objective spirit, based on objective idealism, believes that art is the manifestation of ideas and the spirit of the universe. Plato regards the rational world as the firstity, the emotional world is the second sex, and the art world is regarded as the third sex. It is believed that art is the copy of the copy of the rational world, and negates the authenticity of the art world. Hegel, the master of German classical aesthetics, believes that “beauty is the perceptual manifestation of ideas”, believes that ideas are content, emotional manifestations are external expression, and art is a dialectical unity of content and form. In the first part of “The original Road” of the northern and northern dynasties of my country, Liu Ye proposed the performance of “Wen” as “Tao”, and “Tao” is the origin of “Wen”. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Xi believed that “the text was carried by the way”, that is, “still car”.



Imitation is based on materialism, thinking that art is a imitation of real life and a reproduction of social life. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle affirmed the truth of real life, thus affirming the truth of imitating realistic art. He believed that artistic imitation was not only the original of real life, but the nature of society. Improve what things should have. The Russian revolutionary democraticist Chelniveski believes that “beauty is life” and art is a reproduction of life. The life here not only refers to social life, but also in nature. Yao Yao, the north and south dynasties in my country, said in the “Continuation Products”, “Heart Teachers Create”, and Zhang Ye of the Tang Dynasty said, “Foreign teachers are created, and they have a heart source.” Jing Hao of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms says “Duster is like taking it out.”


Aesthetic cognitive effect

The aesthetic cognitive role of art is one of the social functions of art. It mainly refers to people who can understand nature, society, history, and life through art appreciation activities.

First of all, art has the role of understanding society, understanding history, and understanding of life. It is because art is a reflection of social life, and it integrates the artist’s life experience and ideological emotions. Therefore, art reflects the nature of society and the true meaning of life. Unity. Moreover, art can break through the obstacles of time and space, for appreciation of appreciation in different regions in different periods, so that humans can understand society, history, and life through art appreciation.

Secondly, art can recognize nature, because the social life reflected in art, including nature, and due to the various artistic expressions, it can be more vivid, image, and intuitive to reflect nature, so that people know nature. However, we cannot exaggerate the role of art. In terms of professional art, art cannot be as deep as history, physics and other disciplines, but because art cognitive effects are based on aesthetic value, art is exerting a cognitive role. At the same time, it also gives people a beautiful enjoyment.


Aesthetic education

The role of artistic aesthetic education mainly refers to people through art appreciation activities, and use the truth, kindness, and beauty contained in art works, acting on human emotions, inspiring and cultivating people’s imagination, understanding, and creativity. Washing people’s souls, enlighten people’s ideology, find examples in practice, and be sublimated in their understanding, so as to correctly understand and understand the nature of social life, and establish a correct outlook on life and world outlook, because art not only reflects social life, but also reflects social life. In addition, it can reflect the nature of social life, and incorporates the artist’s thoughts and emotions. The understanding, understanding, evaluation, and attitude of life, including the artist’s social ideals and aesthetic ideals. In addition, aesthetic education is based on aesthetic value, which is different from other education. , Aesthetic significance and artistic value.

Therefore, aesthetic education also has the characteristics of emotional people, subtle, and entertaining. The evaluation of art aesthetic education should be appropriate, and the role of different art categories is different.


Aesthetic entertainment effect

As a special spiritual production, art is to meet people’s spiritual needs. The aesthetic and entertainment effect of art mainly refers to the people’s spiritual life and aesthetic needs, and in the appreciation process, people’s hearts can be enjoyed and rest, and they are happy. Aesthetic entertainment is also a means of aesthetic education. While aesthetic entertainment, it can also give people inspiration to achieve the effect of entertaining. Aesthetic entertainment and aesthetic understanding and aesthetic education are the whole of interaction, based on the same aesthetic value.



Music is to create artistic images with music flowing in time, expressing the artist’s thoughts and emotions and expressive time for life, art is one of the earliest art forms in human history. The art, no matter how bad art. Music atmosphere vocal music and instrumental music, vocal music is mainly life and singing, instrumental music is mainly in musical instrument performance.



Dance is the main means of refining and processing human movement as the main manifestation of the body, and uses basic elements such as dance language, rhythm, music, composition and other basic elements to shape an intuitive and dynamic artistic image to express the artistic style of artists’ thoughts and emotions.


The aesthetic characteristics of emoticon art

The aesthetic characteristics of emoji art are the following points:

First, performance and imagery, music and dance of emoji also belong to the art of performing. The second creation of musicians and dancers can convey the art image to the audience, and the intermediate links of the two, that is, performance.

Therefore, emoji art is active, dance creates an artistic image through the limbs language, and music creates an artistic image through rhythm and rhythm, so that performing arts are visual, and acting is the basis of the image. Experience;

Second, lyricism and expressiveness, music as expressive time art, dance as expressive space -time art, is more than performance, is not longer than reproduction, is good at expressing the artist’s inner thoughts, expressing emotions, not good at portraying and reproduction of objective things. Therefore, it is expressive, and in terms of expressing thoughts and feelings, emoticons can penetrate the heart and express the inner emotions that other arts cannot touch, so they are lyrical;

Third, the sense of rhythm and rhythm, rhythm is the most important manifestation of emoticon art. It affects the rhythm of music, emotional expression, music style, dance, influence of dance movements, and style. Therefore, emoticon art It has a sense of rhythm, and the rhythm is rhythmic, and is an external expression of beautiful rhythm.



In the broad sense of the drama, it includes opera, dance dramas, dramas, and musicals. In a narrow sense, it refers to the drama, which refers to the art image of the actors on the stage through dialogue and action to reflect social life and express artists’ thoughts and emotions. In addition to the characteristics of comprehensive art, drama also has its own characteristics.

First, dramaticism refers to the characteristics of expressing life, expressing conflicts, expanding the plot, promoting the development of the story, and engraving the characteristics of the characters through the relationship between the relationship between the characters and the characters;

Second, theatrical nature means that the drama is presented in front of the audience through the live performance on the stage, and it can be performed many times.


Third, on -site feedback, the audience can directly watch the actor’s performance, and their views will also directly feedback to the actors, affecting their performance. The script, the actor, and the audience are the three elements of the drama. The tragedy is regarded as the crown of the drama and has an extremely important position. The four peak periods of tragedy in history are the tragedy of the fate of ancient Greece, the tragedy of the European medieval personality, the modern social tragedy , Modern tragedy and comedy.


Comprehensive art

Comprehensive art is the general name of drama, opera, movies, and television. It integrates the performance and methods of various arts such as music, dance, literature, and painting, forming a strong artistic expression, and unique aesthetic characteristics. Time art and space art, visual art and auditory art, expression art and reproduction art, the combination of styling art and performing arts, forming a strong infectious power, comprehensive art is comprehensive, literary, active, strong drama, strong drama Conflict and emotional expression.



Opera is a traditional Chinese art, deeply rooted in traditional Chinese culture, and is a comprehensive art. Due to the influence of traditional Chinese culture, opera, in form, pursue the artistic realm of “seeking one more”, and shows the aesthetic realm as the highest art pursuit. In terms of content, it is mostly the subject of historical romances. And the function of punishing evil and promoting good. The history of the opera has a long history. It has been shown in the original period as early as the original period. In the Qin and Han dynasties, there was a prototype of opera such as advocate and excellent. In the Sui and Tang dynasties, there was further development. Qing ushered in another period of prosperity. The characteristics of opera are manifested in comprehensiveness, programming and virtuality. First, opera is a highly comprehensive art of songs, dance, and drama; second, the drama has a special fixing form in the role of role, performance movements, and music singing; Has virtual characteristics.


film art

Film art is a combination of science and technology and art. With the artistic expression of pictures, sounds, and Monterem, it shares the artistic image, reflects real life, and reflects the artist’s ideological emotions and a comprehensive art of life. Seventh art “. On December 28, 1895, the brothers of Lumiel, France, screened the “Factory Gate” and “Train Entry Station” as the birthday. Three major changes have occurred so far. One is from silent to sound, and the other is from black and white to color. The third is the integration of high -tech movies such as multimedia and computer two -dimensional technology from the 1990s. Films can be divided into four categories, documentary, science and education films, art films, story films. As a kind of art and a commodity, the film is also a dual benefit with artistic benefits and social benefits.


Television art

TV is a product of highly developing technology. It has a very fast speed of communication and a wide range of influence. It can be expressed. On November 2, 1935, the British Broadcasting Corporation was broadcast. It marked the beginning of the TV industry. Literary and entertainment functions, news information functions, social education functions, service functions. TV also has the characteristics that are different from other comprehensive art.

First, technology is the basic feature of TV;

Second, the participation of the audience is the characteristics of the viewing of TV;

Third, the rapid spread of TV has formed the characteristics of TV life.


The aesthetic characteristics of comprehensive art

The aesthetic characteristics of comprehensive art are divided into three points:

First, comprehensive and uniqueness, drama, opera, movies, and television as a comprehensive art, its comprehensive manifestation is on the one hand that integrates the performance of music, dance, painting, literature, and forms its own powerful expression. On the other hand, at the aesthetic level, the combination of time, space, hearing, vision, reproduction, performance, shape, performance, and other arts have formed a unique aesthetic characteristics and strong artistic appeal, but at the same time, they are comprehensive. It also has its own uniqueness, the dramatic reappearance, emphasis on realism, figuration, the performance of opera, exemplary and abstraction. Movies are the products of modern industrial society. They have the characteristics of industrial society. TV is an industrial society and an information society. The characteristics of informatization;

Second, literary and performing, drama, opera, movies, and television are all comprehensive performance art. At one time, creation was created with literary script as the core. This is also the core of artistic creation. The second creation is based on performance. Shape the character image, so it is literary and active;

Third, the plot and the protagonist, the comprehensive art is also narrative art, the narrative art is inseparable from the complex, and uses clean contradictions as the clue of the development of the story. Clean, clean and engraved characters, so comprehensive art is inseparable from the plot and protagonist.