Decoding ancient ceramic gene

Source: People’s Daily -People’s Daily

The Chinese ceramic civilization cultural relic gene library that raised raising materials storage, archeological research, scientific and technological analysis, protection and repair, and achievements will help us better study and explain the beauty of Chinese civilization contained in ceramic culture

“The businessmen are heavy and leaving, and the first monthly floating beams buy tea.” Bai Juyi’s poet was well -known. Do you want to know the porcelain -related technology -related porcelain -related process in the Fusiang area at that time? It is possible to find such a specimen in the ancient ceramic gene library in Jingdezhen.

In 2012, archaeologists excavated in Lantian Kiln, Fuliang County, Jingdezhen, and found a celadon bowl in the late Tang Dynasty, luxurious mouths, lyric belly, ring feet, bright glazed surface, green green, and nails in the bowl. mark. The specific method of bracketing burning is: pinch into a “branch nail” with kaolin, stick these nails on the edge of the dishes and feet, then put the bowl on the pad, and then overlap the bowl of bowls with nails. stand up. This represents the earliest porcelain -making process in this region. Today, in the gene library, it has a number. T that leads to the head represents “Tang Dynasty”, the subsequent QY represents “green glaze”, WA represents “bowl”, C represents “residual film”, and digital represents serial number. Based on this, the specimens of the gene library will be encoded according to the age, category, device category and morphological information.

On June 11 this year, the world’s first ancient ceramic gene library jointly built by many well -known academic institutions in China was listed in the Grand Court of Jingdezhen. This marks the official launch of the construction of a Chinese ceramic civilized cultural relic gene library that integrates raising materials storage, archeological research, scientific and technological analysis, protection and repair, and results display. A new type of multidisciplinary cooperation and collaborative innovation platforms are being formed.

The ancient ceramic genes of Jingdezhen refer to the typical specimens and its information of various porcelain produced in Jingdezhen. Top tens of millions of ancient ceramic specimens were unearthed in archeological work of the Ceramics Archaeological Research Institute of Jingde Town City, which are more than 40 years of archeology. The Shanghai Silicate Research Institute and other institutions cooperate to carry out the production of genetic specimens and knowledge graph -type databases. Scientific researchers will organize the unearthed specimens such as the Royal Kiln Factory, Hutian Kiln, Guanyin Pavilion, Liyang Township, Lantian Kiln and other porcelain ruins, and select the most representative of the age, shape, process and other characteristics of the utensils. The specimen forms a “standard device logistics” and completes the four physical sample preparation and virtual sample construction of the residual slices, sections, thin slices, and powder of each standard utensil. These samples are used as information elements, which fully covers the genetic fragments such as “archeological information fragments”, “tire material technology fragments”, “molding technical fragment”, “glaze technology fragment”, “coloring and decorative fragment” of Jingdezhen porcelain.

During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the most entered the warehouse was the porcelain specimen of the Royal Kiln. The genetic specimen unearthed by the Royal Kiln will also add a special number “Y”, which represents “Royal Kiln”. The latest specimen of income comes from the archeological exploration of the west fence of the Royal Kiln Factory in 2020. The number uses “QH” to represent blue and white, and “SZ” represents “trial” According to the specimen, the words “light” and “strong” of different depths of cobalt materials were used to reveal the “password” that the people’s kiln was mainly used in the Ming Dynasty from the Ming Dynasty to the Tianshun period.

The gene library establishes three -dimensional digital models for each residual specimen and corresponding repair complete device, and at the same time summarizes archeological data, utensil information, sample status, related results, analysis data and other information. Adhering to the concept of co -construction and sharing, the gene library will be opened in an orderly open data query, specimen test application, and research results release. In addition, the development of knowledge graph -type databases through intelligent algorithms and friendly interaction interfaces allow cultural and creative institutions and ordinary users to easily retrieve and obtain extension information of interest. For example, a query of a Ming Xuande blue and white cloud dragon pattern can, you can retrieve all porcelain containing cloud dragon patterns in the gene library, or it can be associated with the relevant tank collection of the Suzhou Museum and the Japanese Terry Museum. Information about blue and white porcelain songs, Meizhou and Zhangzhou porcelain area.

The Jingdezhen Royal Kiln Family Institute is negotiating with the Shanghai Cultural Relics Protection Research Center to cooperate to carry out the archeological arrangement and research of Jingdezhen late Qing Dynasty porcelain on the Yangtzekou No. 2 shipwreck. Essence In addition, in the International Museum Day of May this year, the French Museum of Jimei will donate porcelain in Jingdezhen on the 15th to 18th century on the dome of Santos Porcelain Porcelain Hall in Portugal, and donate to the Jingdezhen Royal Kiln Memorial in digitalization. The relevant data will also become the ancient ceramic gene library. Part.

The establishment of the ancient ceramic gene library of Jingdezhen will have an important impact on the construction of a ceramic archeological era framework system, research and development of ancient ceramic identification methods, formulating technical standards for the ceramic industry, and promoting ceramic digital collections and cultural tourism applications. On this basis, we will further study and explain the beauty of Chinese civilization contained in ceramic culture, tell the story of cultural relics in the new era, and continue to expand the influence of Chinese excellent traditional culture.

(The author is the dean of Jingdezhen Royal Kiln Memorial House)

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