The Chinese ceramic industry has a long history. Chinese English name, China, was originally introduced to the West and the “porcelain”. There are many famous kiln in ancient times. They cannot be introduced one by one. They only choose famous kiln closely related to tea sets. Introduction here.

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Yueyao

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The name of the “Secret Color”, which was originally seen in the Tang Turtle, was the general name of the Celadon Kiln Farm in the ancient Vietnamese land of Hangzhou Bay. It was formed in the Han Dynasty, passed through the Three Kingdoms and the Western Jin Dynasty, and reached the heyday of the Five Dynasties in the Late Tang Dynasty to the middle of the Northern Song Dynasty. The center of the center is located in the middle reaches of the Shangyu Cao’e River. When Lu Yu’s “Tea Sutra · Four Wells” commented on the quality of the tea bowl: “If Xing porcelain silver, Yue porcelain jade, Xing porcelain is not as good as Yue; Also; Xing porcelain is white and tea is dan, and the more porcelain is green and the tea color is green.

Yueyao cover bowl set group

Visit Yue Kiln Flower Teapot

Song Yue kiln carved flower teapot

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Xing kiln

In the area of ​​Hebei and Lincheng today, the Tang Dynasty belonged to Xingzhou, hence the name. The kiln began in the Sui Dynasty and flourished in the Tang Dynasty. It produced white porcelain, with delicate texture and white glaze. It was once natal as royal porcelain. Lu Yu believes that Xing is not as good as Yue in the “Tea Sutra”, mainly because he drinks steamed green cake tea. If you use safflower to compare or reflect the real tea soup color, the result is the opposite. Whether it matches tea.

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Tang Dynasty Xing kiln tea set

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Xing kiln tea set

Ru kiln

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One of the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty was named after the area of ​​the Qingliang Temple in Baofeng, Henan, and was named after the Northern Song Dynasty.

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In the late Northern Song Dynasty, celadon was burned in the court. It was the first official kiln in ancient times, also known as the Guanyao of the Northern Song Dynasty. The glaze color is mainly blue, with lime one -alkali glaze firing technology. The glazed surface is opened, the tire is gray -black, and the fetal bone is thin.

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Junior kiln

One of the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty. In today’s Xuchang, Henan, it was named after the Tang and Song dynasties.

Beginning in the Tang Dynasty, flourishing in the Northern Song Dynasty, and declined in the Yuan Dynasty. Mainly fired copper red glaze, and also produces large amounts of milk glaze porcelain such as sky blue, moon white, and still produces various art porcelain.

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Fixed kiln

One of the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty. In today’s Quyang Runci Village and Yanshan Village in Hebei, it is named after the Tang and Song dynasties. The Tang Dynasty had fired white porcelain, and the five generations had developed greatly. The white porcelain glaze layer was slightly green, and the glaze was like tears. In the later period of the Northern Song Dynasty, it was created in the northern Song Dynasty. In the fifth generation and the Northern Song Dynasty, some courts were used in porcelain, and the bottom of the utensils had “officials” and “new officials” inscriptions. In addition to burning white porcelain in the Song Dynasty, it also burned black glaze, sauce glaze and green glaze.

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Dingyao powder green tea set

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Southern Song Dynasty Kiln

One of the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty, the porcelain kiln yard for the firing palace was established after the south of the Song Dynasty.

In the early stage, it was located in Longquan (now Zhejiang Longquan Da Kiln, Jincun, and Xikou), and later under the suburbs of Lin’an (now the foothills of Guizheng Mountain in the southern suburbs of Hangzhou, Zhejiang). The tires and glazes fired on the two kiln are very consistent. It is difficult to divide each other, both of which are thin tires, black, gray and other colors. The tire along the foot feet is known as “Purple Iron Foot”. At the end of the 16th century, Longquan celadon appeared in the French market, which caused a sensation throughout France. Because he could not find a suitable language for a while, he had to use the blue robe in the European drama “Shepherd Girl” to metaphorize. “Snow” became synonymous with celadon. Longquan kiln has new development. The Guanyao Museum of the Southern Song Dynasty was established in the Guanyao site of the Southern Song Dynasty.

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Southern Song Guan Kiln Ice Cracks Tea Set

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Guanyao Caidai Pin Cup

Brother kiln

One of the five famous kiln in the Song Dynasty has not yet been found. Some literatures call the Zhejiang Longquan Kiln as Ge Kiln, which is actually a rumor. The handed down Ge Kiln porcelain has black, dark gray, light gray, and yellow soil. The glaze is mainly gray -green, and there are beige and milky white. Due to the large amount of bubbles, unliming quartz particles and calcium long stone crystals in the glaze. So the milk feel is strong. The glaze has large and small lines, fine lines yellow, and dark brown, commonly known as “golden wire”. From the perspective of the glaze, pattern, and shape of the porcelain, they are different from the Longquan Kiln in the Song Dynasty.

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Ge Kiln Crack Tea Set Group

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Build a kiln

Jianyang, Fujian today. Beginning in the Tang Dynasty, some celadon was fired in the early days. The rabbit’s millilites are glazed stripes, with yellow and white colors, called gold and silver rabbits; some glazed crystals are oil droplets and are called crane pigeon spots; there are also a few kiln to become flower glaze, and blue appears around the oil droplet crystals. luster. This kind of tea is called “Tianmu Bowl”, such as “Tiantu Bowl”, such as “曜 天 天 这”, “oil drops of heaven”, etc., all of which have now become Japan’s national treasures, which are very precious. The black porcelain produced in the kiln is not as high as the bottom, the tire is thicker, and the iron content is about 10%, so it is black and is known as “iron tire”. Cai Xiang, a famous calligrapher in the Song Dynasty, is also a tea scientist in “Tea Record”: “Tea is white, black cups should be black, and the created by Jian’an is black, the pattern is like a rabbit, and its blank is slightly thick, and it is difficult to be cold for a long time. , The most useful. Those who come out of him, or thin or colorful purple, are not as good as it. Its blue and white cup, the fighting tester does not use it. “It can be seen that the wind of the tea in the Song Dynasty, and the tea bowl produced by the kiln is the best The device.

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Jingdezhen Kiln

In Jingdezhen, Jiangxi. During the Tang Wude period, the products were two types: celadon and white porcelain. The celadon -colored gray, pure white porcelain, and known as “white Ruyu, thin as paper, bright mirror, sound like sound”. It mainly burned blue and white porcelain in the Song Dynasty. In the Yuan Dynasty, it was burned to the court of blue and white porcelain, with the words “Shufu” on the top, and also burned blue and white, glaze red and other varieties. By the Ming Dynasty, it became a national porcelain firing center, and a workshop for roamed tea sets for court tea ceremony was established. At this time, the blue and white porcelain developed a lot. Tea sets were passed to Japan. The ancestral village of Japanese tea ceremony was very fond of “Pearl Celadon”. At this time, the varieties of glazed color, fighting color, plain three -color, and colorful color have appeared one after another, and a variety of precious blue, red glaze, and sweet white glaze porcelain were also burned. In the Qing Dynasty, it created a variety of new varieties such as enamel and pink. Since the Song Dynasty, Jingdezhen porcelain has been exported to Japan. In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it was imported a lot in Europe. At the same time, it also established the position of porcelain capital of “Jing porcelain”.

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Yixing Kiln

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In Dingshu Town, Yixing, Jiangsu today. As early as the Han and Jin dynasties, the celadon porcelain was burned. The decoration of the product shape was affected by Yueyao. The tire quality was loose, the glaze was yellow, and the glaze was common. The pottery began in the Song Dynasty, and it was famous for the production of purple sand in the Ming Dynasty. According to the “Yang Xian Pot Pot Department” in the late Ming Dynasty, the founder of the purple sand pot is the monk of Jinsha Temple, which is starting to supply (Gong) spring. Spring is a family child who studies Wu Yishan. During the Ming Zhengde period, Wu Yishan used to make an old monk made a pot in the spring of Jinsha Temple, and made a ginkgo tree cricket pot. It is now in the Chinese History Museum of History, but the original lid has been lost. Later, the famous painter Huang Binhong saw “Zhang Guanli Dai”, and then re -made a cricket lid by the famous pot master Pei Shimin.

After the spring, the “four families” of the pot made, namely Dong Han, Zhao Liang (a Zhao Liang), Yuan Xi (a Yuanxi), and Shipeng (Yizuo Peng). Li Maolin, another famous artist at the same time as “four families”, invented the firing method in the box (tile sac), which has been used to this day. From the beginning of the Ming Dynasty to the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, it was recognized as the first pot to make everyone Shibin (the son of Shi Peng). The three major pots. Shi Dabin has four other disciples, namely Shao Wenjin (also known as Xiangxiang), Shao Wenyin (also known as Xiangyu), Jiang Shiying and Ou Zhengchun. At the same time, Chen Yongqing, Chen Zhongmei, and Huimeng Chen, an important figure in the history of Zisha pot art. The current teapot with a capacity of only 50 to 100 ml of “Four Treasures for Cooking Tea” for drinking oolong tea is known as the Mengchen pot, which is named after making it. In the early Qing Dynasty and the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the first person was Chen Mingyuan, and famous artists include Shao Maolin and Shao Xumao. In the middle and late Qianlong period to the Daoguang period, the characters that had a significant impact in the history of Zisha pot were Chen Hongshou. Chen Hongshou, No. Man Sheng, has designed many pots. It was produced by brothers and sisters of Yang Pengnian and Yang Fengnian. The pot left with a large blank blank. It was engraved by himself. Later generations were called “Manson pot style” and learned more. After that, Huang Yulin, Pei Shimin, Zhu Kexin and other famous pots were appeared. Gu Jingzhou, who is now healthy, pushes the pot of pot -making to the top, and is known as the “generation of masters”, and he is as famous as Shi Dabin. In addition, there are a number of ceramic artists such as Jiang Rong, so that Yitao always lives in the highest level.