When reading a classic story, we always unconsciously follow the experience of the protagonist and the plot of this. This way of reading is often only available in a “single thread” and “centralization” narrative structure. If we start from the perspective of other roles in the way, or disrupt, distortions, and whether the story will become richer?

Recently, there is a considerable number of classic literary works to open a “re-report” plan for the femaleist perspective. Margaret Atwood’s “Peleo Pok” is a well-known representative. In addition, Natalie Haynes rewritten Troy War in the “Boat” (A THOUSAND SHIPS), Pat Barker in “The Silence of” “Hamlet” (Hamlet “(Hamlet”, Maggie O’Farrell, is overwritten in Brisia, Maggie O’Farrell (Hamlet “(Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) focusing on Shakespeare, Git Tower “Names of The Women” wrote the story of 15 women in the same age …

In daily cultural life, “Text Restaurant” is not a new thing: broad, “Fan”, “Fan”, fans created, and even the film and television drama adapted to the novel, it is “re-report” Column – they or change the perspective of narratives, or adjust the development of the plot. Based on the femaleist perspective, it is also eye-catching: Margaret Atwood’s referee of Troy War, and Angela Carter rewrite the femaleism of fairy tale; if “image” is also considered broad “Text” on the “text”, then femaleism is also used in this column for the misappropriation of classic paintings such as “Great Palace” “Last Dinner”.

After the text of the revision is surrounded by us, this topic is still worth further thinking: Why is people who are willing to report and read the text through “Restaurant”? What is the relationship between the text and the text of the revision? What is the necessary for the classic text? For these issues, this article will invite readers to discuss together.

01

What is the possibility of a statement?

Resting the classic text, it is easy to be considered a taller. However, even in the most common mass culture, it is also very common. For example, many comics and network novels have “Fan”, the author tends to reproduce the “positive drama” based on a supporting angle or even the perspective; and knowing that this problem is often seen: “How to tell an anti-ride Martial Arts Story “” Can I write a fairy tale of collapse? “These issues are designed based on a specific perspective, reconstructing the martial arts and fairy tale narratives. In a sense, we have lived in a world of “surrounding text”.

However, why? ” “Author’s death” “Text is not closed”, and each person has been well known by default. But people think about it, what is the basis for the fundamental and text openness?

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

From the perspective of phenomena, the openness of the text or “enrichment” and “emptiness” can be used. In this regard, the phenomenon is often used to explain the example of cubes: When we face a cube, we “see” only the side of the cube, for these side, our intention is “enrichment” . However, our actual “intention” is the entire cube – this intention contains the side seen directly and is not seen directly. For those sides that are not seen, our intention is “empty”, they are given in a “absent” manner. In fact, no one can see all the sides of the cube, but people can still intend to be a “cube” as a whole. Therefore, viewing activity is composed of enormous intentions and empty intentions. As we adjust the angle of viewing, we will get different angles.

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

The reading and understanding of the text is also such a mixed “enrichment” and “emptive” intention of “Empty”: It is “directly”, so we are “fulfilling” for their intentions. However, “Zhenguan West” that is less directly ink directly ink, our intention is “empty”. Based on this “emptiness” and “enrichment” mixed, we have gained the overall impression and feelings of the plot. Similarly, when analyzing and evaluating the primary purpose of the text, people are also inseparable from “emptiness” and “enrichment” mixed: the so-called “easy”, Taoist people see you, the talented people see the lingering, the rumor sees the Miyama ” … where the direct administration is only the plot itself, while the absence of things are reconstructed in different ways, different evaluations are thus derived.

“Phenomenon], [United States] Robert Sobolavski, Zhang Jianhua / Translation, Shanghai Culture Press, March 2021

Therefore, the refurbishes of the text is the reconstruction of “absent” things.

If the phenomenon, François Dastuttuer pointed out: “Intentionality inevitably involves an expectation of things that are directly given, so the phenomenology must remain open to amazing … no matter what the past is still in the future, There is only some phenomenon that can only be indirect, and must be reconstructed in its absent ‘phenomenon’. “Therefore,” re-report “for text is a” phenomenological activity “, no matter whether it is For “rereading” or “readers” of the revision of the text, this activity is accompanied by “expectation” and “amazed” – this constitutes the possibility of “text retrieval”, and constitutes a referee. The original motivation for behavior. Many times, the publishing party hopes to rearily reort it, because the original question has been resuspended. Due to “absence”, it has to be further “enrichment”, and readers will also be expected.

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

The necessity of the referendum is also reflected in the “problem type” change. For example, the French philosopher Alucao pointed out, the problem is a concept system, which determines what people can ask and the answer. In Shakespeare, authors and readers do not have systematic and complete, women ‘s “conceptual systems”, and thus cannot be “asked” in the text. However, in the moment, femaleism has also become an indispensable “concept filter” that people look at the society, thereby presenting a feminist “issue” for Shakespeare’s works and expecting their answers to the possibility and necessity. In other words, in today, many classic works can be “enriched” in a way in which it is unimaginable in the past, which enriches more significant space.

In the field of mass cultural, the same person, etc. “re-report” behavior is often related to the reader’s “self-empowerment”. By reapplying, “readers” no longer obey the author’s authority in a gesture of text, but is involved in the process of cultural production in a positive and active manner. The regeneration process of this text is also accompanied by self-satisfaction and pleasure. At the same time, in a certain reader community, excellent rear programs can also accumulate cultural capital and improve their status in the reader community.

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

“Fan Culture Reading”, Tao Dongfeng Edited, Peking University Press, February 2009

02

What does it mean for “rereading”?

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

If the reader and the restorse can obtain “surprise” and “expectations” from the referee, what does it mean about the retrieved work itself? In particular, what is the relationship between the works and the original works of the work of the femaleist?

In the author, it can be roughly believed that the relationship between the works and the original works after the re-report can be divided into three. First, the works of the revision may subvert and deconsive their original meaning. This relationship is particularly obvious in the re-report of the fairy tale. Carter’s biography believes that she completely subverts the story of morality of morality in the original version in the original version:

“The story begins with a series of ominous sayings about wolf evil (” they are as gray as the crowd, and the plague “) and the short-awaited wolf legend, using an ancient village to say the books of the book. It is outlined out of the original original color. The natural scenery (all is white and blood), immersed in a dangerous atmosphere. So, Xiaohong Hat laughed in front of the wolf, pulling down his shirt ‘throwing into the fire, just like a previous burning of his clothes’, this In a special moment, I replaced the end of Pelo’s original morality with a violent and joyful picture. “

Through the story of Carter Rest, most of the young girls discover their own sexy process, there is no shortage of pornography and menstruation. ” In the style, her story is also filled with “the harmonious opera atmosphere”. Although Carter himself explicitly opposed her meaning in the framework of gender politics, it is undeniable that such desires have been subverted in subverting the awareness of parent in fairy tale.

In traditional fairy tales, women are most often arising from three typical images: helpless princess to be saved; vicious women (such as stepmother, witch); absenant Here, women’s desire is suppressed, and their identity also relies on men’s acknowledgment. Therefore, Carter’s “re-report” can be regarded as “carnival text” in Bakhn, the carnival text is based on the era, in the process of chasing classic works, so that it is existing in order Summary, let the “sound” “sound”, in Carter, “Men – Moral – Subsight” and “Women – Desire – Rely” of this clear two-point via ” “Break, the pressed discourse is revealed under the backup.

“Carter Manufacturing: Angera Carter”, [Ying] Edmund Gordon, Nanjing University Press, May 2020

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

Second, the “re-report” of the work may not be directly subversive, but a distinctive style is obtained by taking part of the elements of it. This approach is more embodied in the creation of femaleist artists, and many of their images “text” have such features.

For example, painting by Mary Beth Edelson: “Some live American women’s painters / final dinner” misappropriated “last dinner”, The image of Jesus Christ and his disciples was replaced by a female artist’s image. This work is considered to be the most iconic and representative image in the female right art motion.

“Some live American women’s painters / final dinner”

The Diren of Patriarchy Air Anatomy Lesson misappropriated the painting of Lumbenz – “Professor Dopp”, which draws the female artists The “parent system” of the body was anatomy. The classic misappropriation and drama have made these rear articles have very distinctive characteristics.

“Death of the Father”

Finally, the works that have been revised may also be more fully and completely highly fully and completely highly fully characterized in differentiated ground expressions.

03

What is the necessary?

In fact, there is a recent considerable number of classic literary works in the “re-report” of femaleism. Margaret Atwood’s “Pene Pok” is a well-known work. In addition, the Guards also enumerate such books in the relevant books. Natalie Haynes rewritten Troy War in the “Boat” (A THOUSAND SHIPS), Pat Barker (The Silence of The Girls) “Hamlet” (Hamlet “(Hamlet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) (Hamnet) focused on Shakespeare, Maggie O’Farrell “Names of the Women” wrote the story of 15 women in Jesus in the era.

“Pene Luo Ke”, [Canada] Margaret Atwood, Wei Qing Qi, Chongqing Publishing House, August 2020

Behind this “Classic Reprint Program”, there are three reasons for supporting the legality of the program. On the one hand, the impact of new historism can be seen in this movement. On the issue of literature, the new historist advocates the cancellation of the pureness and authority of literature, trying to “put literature into the culture, change the nature of literature, return to the nature of culture.” The reason is not literary Of course, it is because it is also an intricate relationship between the product constructed in a certain era cultural network, and there is an intricate relationship between power. Therefore, since “classic” is nothing more than the construction of history, then it is an unusual move to the contemporary perspective.

Second, people’s interpretation of literary classics will always flow in history. Even if the original sample of the text, understanding and evaluation of this text cannot be maintained. This is very fully reflected in the philosophical interpretation of literary works: For example, in Hofoheimer and Adorno’s pen, the story of “Odyssey” is a modern metaphor; in Hegel’s eyes, “Anti Ganne reveals the reason for the ancient Greek “ethical entity” to disintegrate; in the interpretation of the women’s criticism, “Antiggne” has highlighted the new issue of gender differences, intimate relationships and ethics. Obviously, these interpretations have a distinctive age. Out of the original meaning of classic works.

Antiggne and Issiang

Finally, a more direct appeal is that many of the ideological factors in the old text have been inconsistent with the cultural atmosphere of the present. Read these new, tertiary texts, “social education”, promote the formation of gender equality. Writers Johnny Saint Porth is based on this perspective to evaluate the referee of classic works:

从《哈姆雷特》到《小红帽》:女性视角的经典重述何以必要?

“Literature laid the rules for the past, but they also laid the foundation for things that can be expressed in the future. Books let us have the ability to conceive the world in the way we know … I think that children’s demand has been There is a change, it should be the same. From a female point of view, the classic works reprinted version will show what changes will change when women are in the narrative center. Therefore, we need gender neutral literature. This will The future guarantees that each sound is heard, everyone can have their own voice. “

Marshall Burman once said that Marx’s “all sturdy things are exhausted”, “said the core of the modernity experience. Like all things of all the “smoke, the clouds”, the classic text that has been sacred and pure, and it needs to be subjected to copying and rear. It is also in the reproduction of this text, the meaning space of contemporary cultural life is formed. As a result, people must be accustomed to shaping their awareness in the stream of continuous stretching and rheology, and form their own recognition.

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