1. Type of knife

In the Qing Dynasty, there were two basic types of knife ways: rounded scabbard and methods of knife sheath. The origin of the sheath style is unclear, but this style has never been seen in the art works of the Ming Dynasty, but it can be seen everywhere in the works from the beginning of the Qing Dynasty to the middle of the Qing Dynasty. This judgment may be created by the Qing Dynasty. In the Qing Dynasty’s rounded scabbard, the main popularity of the Qing Dynasty in the middle of the 18th century: the elite soldiers of the emperor, Baylor, and Jianrui Camp, and then until the beginning of the 19th century, its popularity continued to increase. By the mid -19th century, the standard model of the standard mode became a round installation method.

In the method, the cross section of the handle and the scabbard is usually slightly wedge. Most of the methods are iron -made, but there are also brass inlaid. The scabbard is covered with black, green or brown striped leather, and the handle is mostly straight and bent. In the circular type, the handle has a round or oval cross section. The knife is usually a flat orange shape, but there are also “horseshoe shapes”, and the end of the sheath usually has a cloud -like design (as shown above).

2. Sword identity category

There are many requirements for the shape of the Chinese Ming and Qing Dynasties, including the size, material and decoration of the saber, but they enjoy considerable freedom in the choice of the knife body, so we can see a variety of types of blade types.

2.1 Divided according to curvature

1. Straight knife

There is no curvature, and the edge is arc only when it intersects with the spine. Before the Mongolians invaded with mackerel, it has always been standard military equipment.

2. Yan Yan Dao

It was not until the last quarter of the knife body that it was bent. Yan Yan Dao seemed to originate in the Ming Dynasty and continued to the Qing Dynasty.


3. Liuye knife

The willow -leaf knife is the most common military knife in the Ming and Qing dynasties of China. There are many shapes and sizes: some are almost straight, some have very soft curves, while others are bent.


The entire knife was one of the most rare military knives in China, and was equipped with a vine soldier in the south. Due to the depth of the curve, they are most suitable for short -range cutting. Determining the willow -leaf knife and the knife mainly depends on the “feel”: the cutting force of the willow sword is slightly weak, and the cutting knife is not effortless.

5. Anti -tail knife


The bottom is straight. When the tip is almost at the tip, the width is deepened, and the knife is bent. This is generally not a pre -saber, originated from the 19th century, and was widely used among the rebels and martial arts at the time. After the demise of the Qing Dynasty, the Chinese army completely used the European -style saber. The ox tail knife is the only typical actual knife that is still popular in the people.


2.2 Classification according to the blade shape

1. Liuye knife

Leaf with medium width and curvature.

The medium -width leaves have a double -edged tip, and the back diagonal angle is clear. The name comes from the tail feathers of a geese.

▲ Circular goose -wing knife with the curvature of the willow leaf knife

3. Goose Wing Knife

The medium width leaves gradually open to the top. This is an ancient and rare knife shape, but it is no longer popular during the transition period of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Most existing examples can be traced back to the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. A knife of this shape was found at the Calca River Battle site, indicating that its use can be traced back to the early 13th century Mongolians’ invasion. The contour on the back of the top is straight, slightly concave, fan -shaped or sawnop.


4. Fish head knife


Narrow knife, widen the back of the back. Most of them exist in the late Ming Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty. The main difference between the above -mentioned geese -wing knife is that the peak value of the back of the blade is farther from the tip of the tip, and the contour from peak to the tip is concave.

▲ Method waist knife

5. High -back knife

Narrow chip with Turkic style. This type is characterized by a common style called “Yerman”, which is common on the Turkic Knife, and is the remnant of the nomadic knife introduced by the Mongolians when invading China.


Narrow bending blade, tip tilt. From the end of the 14th to the end of the 18th century, it was very popular in China. According to legend, he was famous for Qi Jiguang, and he also ordered to copy these weapons because he was very satisfied with the quality and satisfaction of this knife. (Editor’s Note: This view has now been proven to be incorrect, Qi Jiguang imitated with long -handed knives)


This article is the original manuscript of the Cold Weapon Research Institute. The editor -in -chief of the original, the author, and any media or public account may not be reproduced without written authorization, and offenders will be held accountable.


2. Yan Yan Dao