Ancient three -inch golden lotus embroidered shoes
The ancients travel, shoes are very important
Gold and silver boots unearthed from Princess Chen Guo’s Tomb
Shoes are the most intimate and inseparable daily necessities in humans.
A pair of comfortable and decent shoes will make you light footsteps, long -distance trek and not feeling tired.
“You can have no good clothes, but you can’t have a pair of good shoes.” It has become an undisputed travel consensus.
But did you think of it? In the far -reaching ancient times, what are our ancestors wearing shoe performances to overcome all kinds of future difficulties, and we have step by step to this day?
In the primitive society, people’s feet cannot be called shoes, and it can only be regarded as a “animal skin” that can barely wrapped.
In the primitive flood society, which is tens of thousands of years or even more far away, when the ancestors walking upright chase the beasts and running and jumping between mountains and forests, their feet lack sufficient protection measures are often used to be scarce stone chips and wild tadpoles. Blood is dripping and painful.
At this time, how to protect your feet from accidental injuries is the primary problem that is urgent to solve. So, how does ancient ancestors solve this “tricky and feet” problem?
Han Feizi, a great philosopher of the Warring States Period, was very interested in this issue. He also carried out a serious research, thinking that in the ancient times, “women do not weave, and the skin of beasts and beasts also (” Han Feizi · Wulin “).
One is the original initial stage of Ru Mao drinking blood. Human beings cut the captured beast skin into squares with rough sharp stone tools, wrapped their feet, and then used some slender leather strips to make simple bundles, similar to today’s “bun dumplings” technology. The “wrapped foot” for tube -the oldest “shoes” of human beings was born in the original cave.
Second, in the middle of the primitive society after the invention of the bone needle. In order to solve the shortcomings of “wrapped foot” that is tied to the belt and easy to loosen, they start to try the folds that are wrapped on the feet on the foot on the foot of the “wrapped foot” with bone needles. It is made of “shoe face” today, and the heels are also sewed with bone needles.
In this way, a pair of “wrinkled face shoes” that appeared relatively strong and beautiful, which was a big leap in the early human shoe craftsmanship. What about this primitive and ancient shoes?
Ancient leather shoes exhibited by the museum
Third, in the late stage of the raised and mature shoes, the earliest “prototype” of today’s leather shoes began to appear.
In life, primitive people gradually discovered that the soles and upper functions of leather shoes are different, and the degree of wear is different. So he began to improve and innovate leather shoes.
They make wear -resistant, hard thick leather into soles, use soft, comfortable fine soft leather on the upper, and then sew it with skilled sewing technology. ancestor”.
The archeological team had unearthed a female corpse who was about 4,000 years ago in Loulan, Xinjiang, and her feet even wore a pair of well -preserved “sheepskin boots”. This pair of leather boots are gray -white, and there are slightly yellow wool inside the boots; their workmanship is extremely delicate, with fine needle, sewn stitching, and is very solid; these boots are composed of two parts: sole and boots. Strong and beautiful, the viewers are all surprised.
Fourth, grass shoes and neolithic sites appeared by the Hamdu clan commune.
In the Hamdu Clan Commune, which is popular in rice, the primitive ancestors began to use straw’s stems to prepare rough and practical straw shoes.
In 1958, in the new stone site of Wuxing Qianshan, Zhejiang, people unexpectedly discovered a group of textiles that have not been carbonized in the bamboo basket, including silk slices, ribbons, hemp products, etc. This shows that it was 5,000 years ago. The ancient Chinese have already made cloth shoes made of textiles, which also broke the “Book of Songs · Wei Feng” “Book of Songs and Wei Feng” from 2500 years ago. The earliest text records.
Fifth, wooden crickets popular in humid areas.
According to reliable literature, the history of Chinese people wearing wooden crickets has been wearing wooden crickets for at least 4,000 years. In the mid -1980s, archaeologists found two remaining wooden crickets in the late Ninjo New Stone Age of Ningbo Cihu in Liangzhu Culture.
The benchhrine flat is slightly foot -shaped, and the front is wide and narrow. One of the wooden flat bodies is flat, with five small holes and one hole on the head; there are two holes in the middle and back, and the grooves are dug between the two holes. After the small holes, embedded it into the groove to flatten the surface and increase the comfort and abrasion resistance of the soles of the foot.
Shi Zai, Jin Wengong, one of the five hegemon of the Spring and Autumn Period, produced “China’s No. 1 Wooden”, which has a history of more than 2,000 years. “”
Jiezi pushed the tree to burn to death, Jinwengonglou also made the cricket
(“Zhuangzi · Di Yuan”).
The earliest wooden cricket unearthed from Liangzhu Culture
Straw shoes woven craft
Straw rods prepared straw shoes
In the slave and feudal society, there are many and beautiful shoes, which is eye -opening, and it is impressive.
A series of archeological discoveries in the twentieth century can be described as today’s people’s cognition and common sense of ancient shoes.
From Loulan’s sheepskin women’s boots, leather tadpoles unearthed from the tomb of Changsha, to the Green Silkou in the Han Dynasty, the in the late Eastern Han Dynasty fishing shoes and flower patterns (brocades) of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Eastern Han Dynasty The color silk weaving, the variant of the Tang Dynasty, the flower cloud head brocade shoes, the princess Chen Guo of the Liao Dynasty, the “three -inch golden lotus” of the Ming and Qing dynasties, the immortal of the ancients on the shoe making Achievements, exquisite ideas, make people feel like passing the times.
The origin of modern meaning leather boots. It is said that the boots were studied and invented by the famous grandson of the great military expert during the Spring and Autumn Period. The grandson suffered a traitor and was trapped and was brutally inhumane. The “Gao Yizi”, which is a thick high waist shoes (can cover the scars and also provides support), is the earliest embryonic and “ancestor” of modern leather shoes.
The “leather drag” popular in the Han Dynasty. The earliest records of “Pippi” appeared in the pre -Qin literature. “Original Xianhua Crown, Polaris and Renae Ying the Gate” (“Zhuangzi · Jean King”). Regarding “关于”, the Tang people interpreted as “Luo Gen” (Tang Lu Deming’s “Classic Interpretation”).
Pi Dragon has developed into the Han Dynasty and has become a popular fashion home supplies. For example, Sima Xiangru of the Han Dynasty described in “Poetry of Jiao Girl”: “Zhao Wu Wu Wu …
The “Xie Gongxuan” popular in the south of the Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties. At that time, Xie Lingyun, a great poet in the Southern Dynasties, invented a very fashionable “living teeth”, which was to install two wooden gears that can be disassembled at will under the wooden cricket. When going up the mountain, remove the front teeth and leave the rear teeth; remove the rear teeth when going down the mountain, and leave the front teeth. In this way, regardless of the up and down the mountain, it is “like the ground”, and it is called “Xie Gongxuan”.
The great poet of the Tang Dynasty once sighed “Xie Gongxuan, and the ladder of the green clouds”, and the image described the new invention of the shoes such as “Xie Gongxuan”, which brought great joy and pleasure.
During the Tang and Song dynasties, there were many shoe categories, which became more modern and fashionable.
At that time, in the interaction of life, various leather, weaving, cloth weaving, and gold -silver -silver -wiring shoe characters were all available and diverse.
In terms of shape, there are squares, bow shoes, tie shoes, golden shoes, palace shoes, cloud heads, small head shoes, flat -headed shoes, shoe shoe, golden lotus, misplaced, Changle shoes (boots) short -up shoes ( Boots) and so on.
From the production materials, it is divided into leather shoes, cotton shoes, straw stem shoes, silk shoes, brown leather shoes, rattan shoes, as well as pad shoes, wooden shoes, hemp shoes, mango, bead shoes, etc.
From the function of the shoe and the environment, there are sandals, warm shoes, rain shoes, sleeping shoes, slippers, nail shoes, etc., which are quite close to today’s styles, which is very different.
“Xie Gongxuan” working principle diagram
How can I worship the eye -catching “wooden” of Zhu Ran’s tomb?
One day in the 1980s, a company in the southern suburbs of Ma’anshan was expanding the warehouse, but accidentally found that a brick structure was hidden under the cement road surface.
Archaeologists arrived in time, who knew that there was a shocking discovery.
For this tomb, archeological players did not have much hope at first, because everyone found that the ancient tombs had been stolen in history in the explorer, and there was a circular thief hole on the top of the back room. The mud in the tomb, a piece of wolf borrowing.
However, there is a series of joy and discovery in the excavation. Not only did it unearthed more than 80 precious lacquer wares that were preserved intact, but also from the earliest business cards that are currently known in China- “Wood Stab”, and learned that the owner of the tomb is the famous Soochow of the Three Kingdoms. General Zhu Ran (the wooden thorns unearthed in the tomb wrote: “
Right Army Division Zuo Da Ma Dan Hou Danyang Zhu Ran worshiped again
Zhu Ran is a general of Sun Quan in the Three Kingdoms. He had captured Guan Yu for 24 years and was named Xi’an Township Hou; after the defeat of Liu Bei, Yiling was defeated, and he worshiped the left of the left Sima right because of his military merit.
The most unexpected and sensational thing is that a pair of “lacquer wooden” unearthed in the tomb with a history of more than 1,700 years has overturned the historian invented by the Eastern Japanese invented. This is promoted.
This pair of China’s most complete and earliest wooden crickets in China and the world were invited to the Japanese tour in 1987. Wherever they go, it has triggered a strong interest and warm response from people from all walks of life in Japan. The influence is profound.
“Lacquer Wood” unearthed from Zhu Ran tomb of the Three Kingdoms
Wooden pupae in Japan
Extremely endless cultural allusions derived from shoes, highlighting its important role in life and communication.
Shoes have almost “inseparable” in life. For thousands of years, there have been countless strange things and cultural allusions around it.
Zhao Guochun, the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period, “Three Three Thousands of Pearls”.
Sima Qian pointed out in the “Chunshen Jun Biography” in “Historical Records”: “Three thousand people in Chunshen Jun, their offers are all in the world to see Zhao Mo, Zhao Ai Dazhen.” Because the shoes worn by Chunshenjun’s super -staff guests are dotted with the pearls, which are used by future generations as “the allusions of Yongmen and Mu Bin”. spring”.
“Historical Records” Volume 78 “Chunshen Jun Biography”
Chunshen Jun was four years of Chu Xiang, and Qin Bao Zhao Zhichang Pingjun had more than 400,000. Five years, surrounding Handan. Handan told Chu, Chu Chunshen Jun would rescue him, Qin Bing also went, and Chun Shenjun returned. Chun Shenjun was in the eight years of Chu. When it was, Chu Fuqiang. Zhao Pingyuan made people from Chunshen Jun, and Chunshen Jun gave up to Shang She. Zhao Xie wanted to praise Chu, for the sake, the sword room was decorated with pearl and jade, please order Chunshen Junke. There were more than 3,000 people in Chunshen Jun.
Zhang Liang’s “Bridge Entry Performance” allusions.
“Historical Records of the Hou Hou Family” records: In the end of Qin (Huang Shigong), in order to test Zhang Liang’s character, he deliberately dropped his shoes to the bridge on the Xiayu Bridge. Wearing shoes, the young Zhang Liang saw that he was an old man, and then leaned over to the anger and took his shoes, kneeling and putting it on for him. Huang Shigong also tested Zhang Liang’s tenal will after “meeting in the appointment and deliberately re -date”, and tested it again and again. He felt that he was available. Fu Han destroyed Qin and achieved some career.
Later, the “Qiaoqiao entered the performance” allusions, used to call for the elderly, and to obtain teaching benefits.
Li Tai Bai’s drunk poetry made “Luxi take off the boots” and became a good story of the eternal poetry.
In the early years of Tianbao, Li Bai, a big poet, came to Chang’an and wanted to show ambitions. After hearing the famous name, it was rare to cherish the talents. Tang Xuanzong quickly summoned him in the Golden Temple, named him as a worship of Hanlin, and asked him to write poems in the palace for the royal family.
One day in mid -April, the peony in the palace was in full bloom. Tang Xuanzong brought Yang Guifei, who was “national color, and graceful and luxurious.”
Tang Xuanzong had a few glasses of wine, and suddenly the idea of making Li Bai’s poem help, and sent someone to call him. I did not know that at this time, Li Tai Bai, who was so addicted to alcohol, had been drunk and drunk.
After finally coming to Xuanzong, when the cold water washed his face and sober, he leaned less for a while. I saw Li Bai’s pens, with a bamboo, talented, brushed a little, leaving three famous “Qingping Words”.
Yun wanted clothes to be able to accommodate, and the spring breeze brushed the threshold.
If it wasn’t for the head of Yushan, he would meet the moon to Yaotai.
A red and beautiful dew in the fragrance, Yunyu Wushan broken the intestines.
By asked who it was like Han Gong, poor Feiyan leaned on her new makeup.
The famous flowers are happy, and they look at the king with a smile.
Explain that the spring breeze is infinitely hatred, and the north of Agarwood is leaning on the stem.
Xuanzong was convinced by Li Bai’s poetry and gorgeous artistic conception. He was happy to forget the nineteenth five -year respect, and signaled that “Poetry Xian” could take off the boots, which means letting go, not so restrained. So Li Bai stretched out his feet and said to the eunuch’s head Gao Lishi, “Take off my boots.”
Under one person, Gao Lishi, who is accustomed to Gao Lishi, who was used to hearing this statement, was really annoyed and angry, but for fear of sweeping Xuanzong Yaxing for this reason, Xiao could not bear to make a mess. Take off Li Bai’s boots.
As a result, “Lux takes off the boots” is interpreted as a popular idiom allusion, to praise and describe the valuable character of the literati that are not afraid of power, restraint, and willful.
“Li Bai drank in Hanlin, and Xuanzong Ling wrote a music, drunk and drunk, with the water fertile, white can move a few chapters, the text does not add a point. Latest Liner’s Line (Tang Dynasty Li Zhao’s “Tang State History Bud”).
Reference book catalogs: “Historical Records”, “Middle -aged Shoe Hat”, “Zhuangzi”, “Book of Songs”, etc.
Li Bai statue
Tang Ming and Yang Guifei in the Drama “Longevity Hall”
Xi’an Lintong Huaqing Pond
Statue of Yang Guifei
Yang Guifei portrait portrait