Text/Yangcheng Evening News all -media reporter Zhang Hua correspondent Huo Yingying
Figure/Correspondent Picture Conferry
In the upcoming summer, the nightlife in Guangdong has reached the most active season. The number of dining people is increasing. The use of centralized disinfection and drinking utensils has become a hot spot for the public’s attention. It has become a new public health problem.
Because if the tableware and drinking utensils are not disinfected, it is easy to cause the occurrence and dissemination of food -based diseases, which directly affects consumer diet safety and health. To this end, the reporter specially interviewed the relevant personnel of the Guangdong Provincial Health Supervision Institute to learn about the status quo and existing problems of Guangdong’s centralized catering utensils.
In 2020, health supervision agencies at all levels conducted a “double random” sampling inspection of 223 centralized disinfection service units in the province
The province’s random inspection 223 restaurant and beverage disinfection units, the test qualification rate is 96.4%
Farmers, stalls and other catering units have their own unique flavors in their diets and are affordable to the people. They are popular with people. However, due to the restrictions on the area and facilities of the site, the disinfection of catering utensils is often unavailable. The rise of the centralized disinfection catering industry has made up for the shortcomings to a certain extent.
However, due to the uneven enterprises of centralized disinfection catering and inadequate management, there are also some problems in the development of the entire industry.
In 2020, the health supervision agencies organized by the Provincial Health Supervision Institute to conduct a special “double random” supervision and sampling inspection special work on the centralized disinfection service units of 223 catering and beverage in the province. Control department testing, in accordance with the “Food Safety Standard Disinfection Meal (Drink)” (GB 14934-2016) to test sensory requirements, colorectal flora, Salmonella, sodium alkane (benzene) sodium sulfate, etc. It reaches 96.4%.
Huang Zhijian, the head of the Department of Infectious Disease Prevention and Treatment of the Infectious Disease Control of the Guangdong Provincial Health Supervision Institute, told reporters that in 2020, in the special actions of the “double random” supervision and random inspection of tableware and beverage disinfection services, 20 cases were established in the province. Catering utensils do not have disinfection certificates, no examination of batch, and colorectal flora exceeding the standard.
“It is understood that it takes 18 hours to detect the colorectal flora at present, and some companies have not waited for 18 hours to go out of the test results, and the disinfection agent of individual enterprises does not conform to the country’s phase. It stipulates that the disinfection effect is not guaranteed to directly use the bleach of water without a hygienic license. “Huang Zhijian introduced.
“The colonic flora is proposed as a feces pollution index bacteria. The indicator indicates whether the possibility of pollution contaminated by the intestinal pathogenic bacteria. Sodium (sodium benzene) sulfate is the main component of the detergent. Human health is harmful. “Huang Zhijian said.
Continuously regulate the process of disinfection units, improve the disinfection rate of disinfection (drink)
Several measures to guide assistance, Shenzhen preferentially finds a solution
As of the end of 2020, there were about 257 disinfection units in Guangdong Province, with a daily output of up to 2.9 million units, and the scale was relatively large. Supervise random inspection.
Huang Zhijian said that the number of cities and cities will also increase the number of random inspections according to the situation. From the results of the random inspection, he believes that the reasons for the problem of centralized disinfection and sanitation may be the poor sanitation status and cleaning of centralized disinfection service units. A variety of factors such as irregular disinfection processes or low hygiene conditions of production operators cause cross -contamination of meals (drinking).
Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the supervision of the centralized disinfection service unit, continuously standardize the process of disinfection units, and improve the disinfection rate of disinfection (drink).
According to the reporter’s understanding, Shenzhen Meal (drink) has relatively mature development of centralized disinfection service units, and the service level and management level are relatively high.
“In 2015, the Shenzhen Municipal Bureau of Health Supervision has introduced supervision experience to the province. After many years of investigation, guidance and assistance, they have strengthened supervision and management while carrying out quantitative grading management, interview training, joint notifications and many other measures. The overall level of hygiene in the industry has been continuously improved and has achieved great results. “Huang Zhijian said.
As of the end of 2020, there were about 257 dining and beverage disinfection units in Guangdong Province
The most complete and stricter standards in the history of the meal consumption industry are released, and the new regulations will be landed at the end of 2022
For a long time, the threshold for entering the centralized disinfection service industry of catering tools has been low.
“As long as you register a company in industry and commerce, you can open it. The company does not need to obtain a hygiene permit, and our supervision of this industry basically belongs to post -post supervision. Only after the corporate related information began to supervise and inspect and sampling. “Huang Zhijian said
Huang Zhijian said that before the management of the “Food Safety Law”, even if the product sanitation quality was unqualified, the penalty was also very light, with a fine of 5,000 yuan. At present, there is no penalties for the company’s layout process, environmental sanitation and personal hygiene poor, and even if these violations have occurred, there is no means of punishment.
Fortunately, this situation is about to be completely improved.
Recently, in accordance with the “Food Safety Law”, the National Health and Health Commission and the General Administration of Market Supervision jointly issued and issued Announcement No. 3 of 2021, and issued 50 national standards for new food safety and 4 modification forms. One of them is 4 production and operation standards such as the “Meal (Drink) Concentrated Snotenia” (GB31651-2021).
Huang Zhijian said: “This specification has greatly improved the entry threshold for meals and consumption enterprises. It puts forward clear requirements from the aspects of site selection, plant, environmental hygiene, etc., especially temporary factories that cannot be used with iron skin tops. Cleaning and disinfection methods and process requirements have set the parameters of physical disinfection to regulate disinfection agents and detergents, and even put forward detailed requirements for corporate self -inspection equipment and personnel health management and hygiene. “
“It can be said that this specification is the most comprehensive and stringent requirement for centralized disinfection services for catering tools in history.” Huang Zhijian said that this specification will be implemented on February 22, 2022 to promote the province’s catering utensil disinfection services for disinfection services in the province The overall towards standardization and standardization.
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Source | Yangcheng Evening News · Yangcheng School
Editor -in -law | Chen Wanyun
Trial | Lu Hang
Intern | Olytong